The Sign of Four
The Sign of the Four
by Arthur Conan Doyle
Sherlock Holmes took his bottle from the corner of the mantel-piece and his
hypodermic syringe from its neat morocco case. With his long, white, nervous
fingers he adjusted the delicate needle, and rolled back his left shirt-cuff.
For some little time his eyes rested thoughtfully upon the sinewy forearm and
wrist all dotted and scarred with innumerable puncture-marks. Finally he thrust
the sharp point home, pressed down the tiny piston, and sank back into the
velvet-lined arm-chair with a long sigh of satisfaction.
Three times a day for many months I had witnessed this performance, but custom
had not reconciled my mind to it. On the contrary, from day to day I had become
more irritable at the sight, and my conscience swelled nightly within me at the
thought that I had lacked the courage to protest. Again and again I had
registered a vow that I should deliver my soul upon the subject, but there was
that in the cool, nonchalant air of my companion which made him the last man
with whom one would care to take anything approaching to a liberty. His great
powers, his masterly manner, and the experience which I had had of his many
extraordinary qualities, all made me diffident and backward in crossing him.
Yet upon that afternoon, whether it was the Beaune which I had taken with my
lunch, or the additional exasperation produced by the extreme deliberation of
his manner, I suddenly felt that I could hold out no longer.
“Which is it to-day?” I asked,—“morphine or
He raised his eyes languidly from the old black-letter volume which he had
opened. “It is cocaine,” he said,—“a seven-per-cent.
solution. Would you care to try it?”
“No, indeed,” I answered, brusquely. “My constitution has not
got over the Afghan campaign yet. I cannot afford to throw any extra strain
He smiled at my vehemence. “Perhaps you are right, Watson,” he
said. “I suppose that its influence is physically a bad one. I find it,
however, so transcendently stimulating and clarifying to the mind that its
secondary action is a matter of small moment.”
“But consider!” I said, earnestly. “Count the cost! Your
brain may, as you say, be roused and excited, but it is a pathological and
morbid process, which involves increased tissue-change and may at last leave a
permanent weakness. You know, too, what a black reaction comes upon you. Surely
the game is hardly worth the candle. Why should you, for a mere passing
pleasure, risk the loss of those great powers with which you have been endowed?
Remember that I speak not only as one comrade to another, but as a medical man
to one for whose constitution he is to some extent answerable.”
He did not seem offended. On the contrary, he put his finger-tips together and
leaned his elbows on the arms of his chair, like one who has a relish for
“My mind,” he said, “rebels at stagnation. Give me problems,
give me work, give me the most abstruse cryptogram or the most intricate
analysis, and I am in my own proper atmosphere. I can dispense then with
artificial stimulants. But I abhor the dull routine of existence. I crave for
mental exaltation. That is why I have chosen my own particular
profession,—or rather created it, for I am the only one in the
“The only unofficial detective?” I said, raising my eyebrows.
“The only unofficial consulting detective,” he answered. “I
am the last and highest court of appeal in detection. When Gregson or Lestrade
or Athelney Jones are out of their depths—which, by the way, is their
normal state—the matter is laid before me. I examine the data, as an
expert, and pronounce a specialist’s opinion. I claim no credit in such
cases. My name figures in no newspaper. The work itself, the pleasure of
finding a field for my peculiar powers, is my highest reward. But you have
yourself had some experience of my methods of work in the Jefferson Hope
“Yes, indeed,” said I, cordially. “I was never so struck by
anything in my life. I even embodied it in a small brochure with the somewhat
fantastic title of ‘A Study in Scarlet.’”
He shook his head sadly. “I glanced over it,” said he.
“Honestly, I cannot congratulate you upon it. Detection is, or ought to
be, an exact science, and should be treated in the same cold and unemotional
manner. You have attempted to tinge it with romanticism, which produces much
the same effect as if you worked a love-story or an elopement into the fifth
proposition of Euclid.”
“But the romance was there,” I remonstrated. “I could not
tamper with the facts.”
“Some facts should be suppressed, or at least a just sense of proportion
should be observed in treating them. The only point in the case which deserved
mention was the curious analytical reasoning from effects to causes by which I
succeeded in unraveling it.”
I was annoyed at this criticism of a work which had been specially designed to
please him. I confess, too, that I was irritated by the egotism which seemed to
demand that every line of my pamphlet should be devoted to his own special
doings. More than once during the years that I had lived with him in Baker
Street I had observed that a small vanity underlay my companion’s quiet
and didactic manner. I made no remark, however, but sat nursing my wounded leg.
I had a Jezail bullet through it some time before, and, though it did not
prevent me from walking, it ached wearily at every change of the weather.
“My practice has extended recently to the Continent,” said Holmes,
after a while, filling up his old brier-root pipe. “I was consulted last
week by François Le Villard, who, as you probably know, has come rather to the
front lately in the French detective service. He has all the Celtic power of
quick intuition, but he is deficient in the wide range of exact knowledge which
is essential to the higher developments of his art. The case was concerned with
a will, and possessed some features of interest. I was able to refer him to two
parallel cases, the one at Riga in 1857, and the other at St. Louis in 1871,
which have suggested to him the true solution. Here is the letter which I had
this morning acknowledging my assistance.” He tossed over, as he spoke, a
crumpled sheet of foreign notepaper. I glanced my eyes down it, catching a
profusion of notes of admiration, with stray “magnifiques,”
“coup-de-maîtres,” and “tours-de-force,” all testifying
to the ardent admiration of the Frenchman.
“He speaks as a pupil to his master,” said I.
“Oh, he rates my assistance too highly,” said Sherlock Holmes,
lightly. “He has considerable gifts himself. He possesses two out of the
three qualities necessary for the ideal detective. He has the power of
observation and that of deduction. He is only wanting in knowledge; and that
may come in time. He is now translating my small works into French.”
“Oh, didn’t you know?” he cried, laughing. “Yes, I have
been guilty of several monographs. They are all upon technical subjects. Here,
for example, is one ‘Upon the Distinction between the Ashes of the
Various Tobaccoes.’ In it I enumerate a hundred and forty forms of
cigar-, cigarette-, and pipe-tobacco, with coloured plates illustrating the
difference in the ash. It is a point which is continually turning up in
criminal trials, and which is sometimes of supreme importance as a clue. If you
can say definitely, for example, that some murder has been done by a man who
was smoking an Indian lunkah, it obviously narrows your field of search. To the
trained eye there is as much difference between the black ash of a Trichinopoly
and the white fluff of bird’s-eye as there is between a cabbage and a
“You have an extraordinary genius for minutiæ,” I remarked.
“I appreciate their importance. Here is my monograph upon the tracing of
footsteps, with some remarks upon the uses of plaster of Paris as a preserver
of impresses. Here, too, is a curious little work upon the influence of a trade
upon the form of the hand, with lithotypes of the hands of slaters, sailors,
corkcutters, compositors, weavers, and diamond-polishers. That is a matter of
great practical interest to the scientific detective,—especially in cases
of unclaimed bodies, or in discovering the antecedents of criminals. But I
weary you with my hobby.”
“Not at all,” I answered, earnestly. “It is of the greatest
interest to me, especially since I have had the opportunity of observing your
practical application of it. But you spoke just now of observation and
deduction. Surely the one to some extent implies the other.”
“Why, hardly,” he answered, leaning back luxuriously in his
arm-chair, and sending up thick blue wreaths from his pipe. “For example,
observation shows me that you have been to the Wigmore Street Post-Office this
morning, but deduction lets me know that when there you dispatched a
“Right!” said I. “Right on both points! But I confess that I
don’t see how you arrived at it. It was a sudden impulse upon my part,
and I have mentioned it to no one.”
“It is simplicity itself,” he remarked, chuckling at my
surprise,—“so absurdly simple that an explanation is superfluous;
and yet it may serve to define the limits of observation and of deduction.
Observation tells me that you have a little reddish mould adhering to your
instep. Just opposite the Seymour Street Office they have taken up the pavement
and thrown up some earth which lies in such a way that it is difficult to avoid
treading in it in entering. The earth is of this peculiar reddish tint which is
found, as far as I know, nowhere else in the neighbourhood. So much is
observation. The rest is deduction.”
“How, then, did you deduce the telegram?”
“Why, of course I knew that you had not written a letter, since I sat
opposite to you all morning. I see also in your open desk there that you have a
sheet of stamps and a thick bundle of post-cards. What could you go into the
post-office for, then, but to send a wire? Eliminate all other factors, and the
one which remains must be the truth.”
“In this case it certainly is so,” I replied, after a little
thought. “The thing, however, is, as you say, of the simplest. Would you
think me impertinent if I were to put your theories to a more severe
“On the contrary,” he answered, “it would prevent me from
taking a second dose of cocaine. I should be delighted to look into any problem
which you might submit to me.”
“I have heard you say that it is difficult for a man to have any object
in daily use without leaving the impress of his individuality upon it in such a
way that a trained observer might read it. Now, I have here a watch which has
recently come into my possession. Would you have the kindness to let me have an
opinion upon the character or habits of the late owner?”
I handed him over the watch with some slight feeling of amusement in my heart,
for the test was, as I thought, an impossible one, and I intended it as a
lesson against the somewhat dogmatic tone which he occasionally assumed. He
balanced the watch in his hand, gazed hard at the dial, opened the back, and
examined the works, first with his naked eyes and then with a powerful convex
lens. I could hardly keep from smiling at his crestfallen face when he finally
snapped the case to and handed it back.
“There are hardly any data,” he remarked. “The watch has been
recently cleaned, which robs me of my most suggestive facts.”
“You are right,” I answered. “It was cleaned before being
sent to me.” In my heart I accused my companion of putting forward a most
lame and impotent excuse to cover his failure. What data could he expect from
an uncleaned watch?
“Though unsatisfactory, my research has not been entirely barren,”
he observed, staring up at the ceiling with dreamy, lack-lustre eyes.
“Subject to your correction, I should judge that the watch belonged to
your elder brother, who inherited it from your father.”
“That you gather, no doubt, from the H. W. upon the back?”
“Quite so. The W. suggests your own name. The date of the watch is nearly
fifty years back, and the initials are as old as the watch: so it was made for
the last generation. Jewelry usually descends to the eldest son, and he is most
likely to have the same name as the father. Your father has, if I remember
right, been dead many years. It has, therefore, been in the hands of your
“Right, so far,” said I. “Anything else?”
“He was a man of untidy habits,—very untidy and careless. He was
left with good prospects, but he threw away his chances, lived for some time in
poverty with occasional short intervals of prosperity, and finally, taking to
drink, he died. That is all I can gather.”
I sprang from my chair and limped impatiently about the room with considerable
bitterness in my heart.
“This is unworthy of you, Holmes,” I said. “I could not have
believed that you would have descended to this. You have made inquires into the
history of my unhappy brother, and you now pretend to deduce this knowledge in
some fanciful way. You cannot expect me to believe that you have read all this
from his old watch! It is unkind, and, to speak plainly, has a touch of
charlatanism in it.”
“My dear doctor,” said he, kindly, “pray accept my apologies.
Viewing the matter as an abstract problem, I had forgotten how personal and
painful a thing it might be to you. I assure you, however, that I never even
knew that you had a brother until you handed me the watch.”
“Then how in the name of all that is wonderful did you get these facts?
They are absolutely correct in every particular.”
“Ah, that is good luck. I could only say what was the balance of
probability. I did not at all expect to be so accurate.”
“But it was not mere guess-work?”
“No, no: I never guess. It is a shocking habit,—destructive to the
logical faculty. What seems strange to you is only so because you do not follow
my train of thought or observe the small facts upon which large inferences may
depend. For example, I began by stating that your brother was careless. When
you observe the lower part of that watch-case you notice that it is not only
dinted in two places, but it is cut and marked all over from the habit of
keeping other hard objects, such as coins or keys, in the same pocket. Surely
it is no great feat to assume that a man who treats a fifty-guinea watch so
cavalierly must be a careless man. Neither is it a very far-fetched inference
that a man who inherits one article of such value is pretty well provided for
in other respects.”
I nodded, to show that I followed his reasoning.
“It is very customary for pawnbrokers in England, when they take a watch,
to scratch the number of the ticket with a pin-point upon the inside of the
case. It is more handy than a label, as there is no risk of the number being
lost or transposed. There are no less than four such numbers visible to my lens
on the inside of this case. Inference,—that your brother was often at low
water. Secondary inference,—that he had occasional bursts of prosperity,
or he could not have redeemed the pledge. Finally, I ask you to look at the
inner plate, which contains the key-hole. Look at the thousands of scratches
all round the hole,—marks where the key has slipped. What sober
man’s key could have scored those grooves? But you will never see a
drunkard’s watch without them. He winds it at night, and he leaves these
traces of his unsteady hand. Where is the mystery in all this?”
“It is as clear as daylight,” I answered. “I regret the
injustice which I did you. I should have had more faith in your marvellous
faculty. May I ask whether you have any professional inquiry on foot at
“None. Hence the cocaine. I cannot live without brain-work. What else is
there to live for? Stand at the window here. Was ever such a dreary, dismal,
unprofitable world? See how the yellow fog swirls down the street and drifts
across the dun-coloured houses. What could be more hopelessly prosaic and
material? What is the use of having powers, doctor, when one has no field upon
which to exert them? Crime is commonplace, existence is commonplace, and no
qualities save those which are commonplace have any function upon earth.”
I had opened my mouth to reply to this tirade, when with a crisp knock our
landlady entered, bearing a card upon the brass salver.
“A young lady for you, sir,” she said, addressing my companion.
“Miss Mary Morstan,” he read. “Hum! I have no recollection of
the name. Ask the young lady to step up, Mrs. Hudson. Don’t go, doctor. I
should prefer that you remain.”
Miss Morstan entered the room with a firm step and an outward composure of
manner. She was a blonde young lady, small, dainty, well gloved, and dressed in
the most perfect taste. There was, however, a plainness and simplicity about
her costume which bore with it a suggestion of limited means. The dress was a
sombre greyish beige, untrimmed and unbraided, and she wore a small turban of
the same dull hue, relieved only by a suspicion of white feather in the side.
Her face had neither regularity of feature nor beauty of complexion, but her
expression was sweet and amiable, and her large blue eyes were singularly
spiritual and sympathetic. In an experience of women which extends over many
nations and three separate continents, I have never looked upon a face which
gave a clearer promise of a refined and sensitive nature. I could not but
observe that as she took the seat which Sherlock Holmes placed for her, her lip
trembled, her hand quivered, and she showed every sign of intense inward
“I have come to you, Mr. Holmes,” she said, “because you once
enabled my employer, Mrs. Cecil Forrester, to unravel a little domestic
complication. She was much impressed by your kindness and skill.”
“Mrs. Cecil Forrester,” he repeated thoughtfully. “I believe
that I was of some slight service to her. The case, however, as I remember it,
was a very simple one.”
“She did not think so. But at least you cannot say the same of mine. I
can hardly imagine anything more strange, more utterly inexplicable, than the
situation in which I find myself.”
Holmes rubbed his hands, and his eyes glistened. He leaned forward in his chair
with an expression of extraordinary concentration upon his clear-cut, hawklike
features. “State your case,” said he, in brisk, business tones.
I felt that my position was an embarrassing one. “You will, I am sure,
excuse me,” I said, rising from my chair.
To my surprise, the young lady held up her gloved hand to detain me. “If
your friend,” she said, “would be good enough to stop, he might be
of inestimable service to me.”
I relapsed into my chair.
“Briefly,” she continued, “the facts are these. My father was
an officer in an Indian regiment who sent me home when I was quite a child. My
mother was dead, and I had no relative in England. I was placed, however, in a
comfortable boarding establishment at Edinburgh, and there I remained until I
was seventeen years of age. In the year 1878 my father, who was senior captain
of his regiment, obtained twelve months’ leave and came home. He
telegraphed to me from London that he had arrived all safe, and directed me to
come down at once, giving the Langham Hotel as his address. His message, as I
remember, was full of kindness and love. On reaching London I drove to the
Langham, and was informed that Captain Morstan was staying there, but that he
had gone out the night before and had not yet returned. I waited all day
without news of him. That night, on the advice of the manager of the hotel, I
communicated with the police, and next morning we advertised in all the papers.
Our inquiries led to no result; and from that day to this no word has ever been
heard of my unfortunate father. He came home with his heart full of hope, to
find some peace, some comfort, and instead—” She put her hand to
her throat, and a choking sob cut short the sentence.
“The date?” asked Holmes, opening his note-book.
“He disappeared upon the 3rd of December, 1878,—nearly ten years
“Remained at the hotel. There was nothing in it to suggest a
clue,—some clothes, some books, and a considerable number of curiosities
from the Andaman Islands. He had been one of the officers in charge of the
“Had he any friends in town?”
“Only one that we know of,—Major Sholto, of his own regiment, the
34th Bombay Infantry. The major had retired some little time before, and lived
at Upper Norwood. We communicated with him, of course, but he did not even know
that his brother officer was in England.”
“A singular case,” remarked Holmes.
“I have not yet described to you the most singular part. About six years
ago—to be exact, upon the 4th of May, 1882—an advertisement
appeared in the Times asking for the address of Miss Mary Morstan and
stating that it would be to her advantage to come forward. There was no name or
address appended. I had at that time just entered the family of Mrs. Cecil
Forrester in the capacity of governess. By her advice I published my address in
the advertisement column. The same day there arrived through the post a small
card-board box addressed to me, which I found to contain a very large and
lustrous pearl. No word of writing was enclosed. Since then every year upon the
same date there has always appeared a similar box, containing a similar pearl,
without any clue as to the sender. They have been pronounced by an expert to be
of a rare variety and of considerable value. You can see for yourselves that
they are very handsome.” She opened a flat box as she spoke, and showed
me six of the finest pearls that I had ever seen.
“Your statement is most interesting,” said Sherlock Holmes.
“Has anything else occurred to you?”
“Yes, and no later than to-day. That is why I have come to you. This
morning I received this letter, which you will perhaps read for
“Thank you,” said Holmes. “The envelope too, please.
Postmark, London, S.W. Date, July 7. Hum! Man’s thumb-mark on
corner,—probably postman. Best quality paper. Envelopes at sixpence a
packet. Particular man in his stationery. No address. ‘Be at the third
pillar from the left outside the Lyceum Theatre to-night at seven
o’clock. If you are distrustful, bring two friends. You are a wronged
woman, and shall have justice. Do not bring police. If you do, all will be in
vain. Your unknown friend.’ Well, really, this is a very pretty little
mystery. What do you intend to do, Miss Morstan?”
“That is exactly what I want to ask you.”
“Then we shall most certainly go. You and I and—yes, why, Dr.
Watson is the very man. Your correspondent says two friends. He and I have
worked together before.”
“But would he come?” she asked, with something appealing in her
voice and expression.
“I should be proud and happy,” said I, fervently, “if I can
be of any service.”
“You are both very kind,” she answered. “I have led a retired
life, and have no friends whom I could appeal to. If I am here at six it will
do, I suppose?”
“You must not be later,” said Holmes. “There is one other
point, however. Is this handwriting the same as that upon the pearl-box
“I have them here,” she answered, producing half a dozen pieces of
“You are certainly a model client. You have the correct intuition. Let us
see, now.” He spread out the papers upon the table, and gave little
darting glances from one to the other. “They are disguised hands, except
the letter,” he said, presently, “but there can be no question as
to the authorship. See how the irrepressible Greek e will break out, and
see the twirl of the final s. They are undoubtedly by the same person. I
should not like to suggest false hopes, Miss Morstan, but is there any
resemblance between this hand and that of your father?”
“Nothing could be more unlike.”
“I expected to hear you say so. We shall look out for you, then, at six.
Pray allow me to keep the papers. I may look into the matter before then. It is
only half-past three. Au revoir, then.”
“Au revoir,” said our visitor, and, with a bright, kindly
glance from one to the other of us, she replaced her pearl-box in her bosom and
hurried away. Standing at the window, I watched her walking briskly down the
street, until the grey turban and white feather were but a speck in the sombre
“What a very attractive woman!” I exclaimed, turning to my
He had lit his pipe again, and was leaning back with drooping eyelids.
“Is she?” he said, languidly. “I did not observe.”
“You really are an automaton,—a calculating-machine!” I
cried. “There is something positively inhuman in you at times.”
He smiled gently. “It is of the first importance,” he said,
“not to allow your judgment to be biased by personal qualities. A client
is to me a mere unit,—a factor in a problem. The emotional qualities are
antagonistic to clear reasoning. I assure you that the most winning woman I
ever knew was hanged for poisoning three little children for their
insurance-money, and the most repellant man of my acquaintance is a
philanthropist who has spent nearly a quarter of a million upon the London
“In this case, however—”
“I never make exceptions. An exception disproves the rule. Have you ever
had occasion to study character in handwriting? What do you make of this
“It is legible and regular,” I answered. “A man of business
habits and some force of character.”
Holmes shook his head. “Look at his long letters,” he said.
“They hardly rise above the common herd. That d might be an
a, and that l an e. Men of character always differentiate
their long letters, however illegibly they may write. There is vacillation in
his k’s and self-esteem in his capitals. I am going out now. I
have some few references to make. Let me recommend this book,—one of the
most remarkable ever penned. It is Winwood Reade’s ‘Martyrdom of
Man.’ I shall be back in an hour.”
I sat in the window with the volume in my hand, but my thoughts were far from
the daring speculations of the writer. My mind ran upon our late
visitor,—her smiles, the deep rich tones of her voice, the strange
mystery which overhung her life. If she were seventeen at the time of her
father’s disappearance she must be seven-and-twenty now,—a sweet
age, when youth has lost its self-consciousness and become a little sobered by
experience. So I sat and mused, until such dangerous thoughts came into my head
that I hurried away to my desk and plunged furiously into the latest treatise
upon pathology. What was I, an army surgeon with a weak leg and a weaker
banking-account, that I should dare to think of such things? She was a unit, a
factor,—nothing more. If my future were black, it was better surely to
face it like a man than to attempt to brighten it by mere
will-o’-the-wisps of the imagination.
It was half-past five before Holmes returned. He was bright, eager, and in
excellent spirits,—a mood which in his case alternated with fits of the
“There is no great mystery in this matter,” he said, taking the cup
of tea which I had poured out for him. “The facts appear to admit of only
“What! you have solved it already?”
“Well, that would be too much to say. I have discovered a suggestive
fact, that is all. It is, however, very suggestive. The details are
still to be added. I have just found, on consulting the back files of the
Times, that Major Sholto, of Upper Norword, late of the 34th Bombay
Infantry, died upon the 28th of April, 1882.”
“I may be very obtuse, Holmes, but I fail to see what this
“No? You surprise me. Look at it in this way, then. Captain Morstan
disappears. The only person in London whom he could have visited is Major
Sholto. Major Sholto denies having heard that he was in London. Four years
later Sholto dies. Within a week of his death Captain Morstan’s
daughter receives a valuable present, which is repeated from year to year, and
now culminates in a letter which describes her as a wronged woman. What wrong
can it refer to except this deprivation of her father? And why should the
presents begin immediately after Sholto’s death, unless it is that
Sholto’s heir knows something of the mystery and desires to make
compensation? Have you any alternative theory which will meet the facts?”
“But what a strange compensation! And how strangely made! Why, too,
should he write a letter now, rather than six years ago? Again, the letter
speaks of giving her justice. What justice can she have? It is too much to
suppose that her father is still alive. There is no other injustice in her case
that you know of.”
“There are difficulties; there are certainly difficulties,” said
Sherlock Holmes, pensively. “But our expedition of to-night will solve
them all. Ah, here is a four-wheeler, and Miss Morstan is inside. Are you all
ready? Then we had better go down, for it is a little past the hour.”
I picked up my hat and my heaviest stick, but I observed that Holmes took his
revolver from his drawer and slipped it into his pocket. It was clear that he
thought that our night’s work might be a serious one.
Miss Morstan was muffled in a dark cloak, and her sensitive face was composed,
but pale. She must have been more than woman if she did not feel some
uneasiness at the strange enterprise upon which we were embarking, yet her
self-control was perfect, and she readily answered the few additional questions
which Sherlock Holmes put to her.
“Major Sholto was a very particular friend of papa’s,” she
said. “His letters were full of allusions to the major. He and papa were
in command of the troops at the Andaman Islands, so they were thrown a great
deal together. By the way, a curious paper was found in papa’s desk which
no one could understand. I don’t suppose that it is of the slightest
importance, but I thought you might care to see it, so I brought it with me. It
Holmes unfolded the paper carefully and smoothed it out upon his knee. He then
very methodically examined it all over with his double lens.
“It is paper of native Indian manufacture,” he remarked. “It
has at some time been pinned to a board. The diagram upon it appears to be a
plan of part of a large building with numerous halls, corridors, and passages.
At one point is a small cross done in red ink, and above it is ‘3.37 from
left,’ in faded pencil-writing. In the left-hand corner is a curious
hieroglyphic like four crosses in a line with their arms touching. Beside it is
written, in very rough and coarse characters, ‘The sign of the
four,—Jonathan Small, Mahomet Singh, Abdullah Khan, Dost Akbar.’
No, I confess that I do not see how this bears upon the matter. Yet it is
evidently a document of importance. It has been kept carefully in a
pocket-book; for the one side is as clean as the other.”
“It was in his pocket-book that we found it.”
“Preserve it carefully, then, Miss Morstan, for it may prove to be of use
to us. I begin to suspect that this matter may turn out to be much deeper and
more subtle than I at first supposed. I must reconsider my ideas.” He
leaned back in the cab, and I could see by his drawn brow and his vacant eye
that he was thinking intently. Miss Morstan and I chatted in an undertone about
our present expedition and its possible outcome, but our companion maintained
his impenetrable reserve until the end of our journey.
It was a September evening, and not yet seven o’clock, but the day had
been a dreary one, and a dense drizzly fog lay low upon the great city.
Mud-coloured clouds drooped sadly over the muddy streets. Down the Strand the
lamps were but misty splotches of diffused light which threw a feeble circular
glimmer upon the slimy pavement. The yellow glare from the shop-windows
streamed out into the steamy, vaporous air, and threw a murky, shifting
radiance across the crowded thoroughfare. There was, to my mind, something
eerie and ghost-like in the endless procession of faces which flitted across
these narrow bars of light,—sad faces and glad, haggard and merry. Like
all human kind, they flitted from the gloom into the light, and so back into
the gloom once more. I am not subject to impressions, but the dull, heavy
evening, with the strange business upon which we were engaged, combined to make
me nervous and depressed. I could see from Miss Morstan’s manner that she
was suffering from the same feeling. Holmes alone could rise superior to petty
influences. He held his open note-book upon his knee, and from time to time he
jotted down figures and memoranda in the light of his pocket-lantern.
At the Lyceum Theatre the crowds were already thick at the side-entrances. In
front a continuous stream of hansoms and four-wheelers were rattling up,
discharging their cargoes of shirt-fronted men and beshawled, bediamonded
women. We had hardly reached the third pillar, which was our rendezvous, before
a small, dark, brisk man in the dress of a coachman accosted us.
“Are you the parties who come with Miss Morstan?” he asked.
“I am Miss Morstan, and these two gentlemen are my friends,” said
He bent a pair of wonderfully penetrating and questioning eyes upon us.
“You will excuse me, miss,” he said with a certain dogged manner,
“but I was to ask you to give me your word that neither of your
companions is a police-officer.”
“I give you my word on that,” she answered.
He gave a shrill whistle, on which a street Arab led across a four-wheeler and
opened the door. The man who had addressed us mounted to the box, while we took
our places inside. We had hardly done so before the driver whipped up his
horse, and we plunged away at a furious pace through the foggy streets.
The situation was a curious one. We were driving to an unknown place, on an
unknown errand. Yet our invitation was either a complete hoax,—which was
an inconceivable hypothesis,—or else we had good reason to think that
important issues might hang upon our journey. Miss Morstan’s demeanor was
as resolute and collected as ever. I endeavored to cheer and amuse her by
reminiscences of my adventures in Afghanistan; but, to tell the truth, I was
myself so excited at our situation and so curious as to our destination that my
stories were slightly involved. To this day she declares that I told her one
moving anecdote as to how a musket looked into my tent at the dead of night,
and how I fired a double-barrelled tiger cub at it. At first I had some idea as
to the direction in which we were driving; but soon, what with our pace, the
fog, and my own limited knowledge of London, I lost my bearings, and knew
nothing, save that we seemed to be going a very long way. Sherlock Holmes was
never at fault, however, and he muttered the names as the cab rattled through
squares and in and out by tortuous by-streets.
“Rochester Row,” said he. “Now Vincent Square. Now we come
out on the Vauxhall Bridge Road. We are making for the Surrey side, apparently.
Yes, I thought so. Now we are on the bridge. You can catch glimpses of the
We did indeed get a fleeting view of a stretch of the Thames with the lamps
shining upon the broad, silent water; but our cab dashed on, and was soon
involved in a labyrinth of streets upon the other side.
“Wordsworth Road,” said my companion. “Priory Road. Lark Hall
Lane. Stockwell Place. Robert Street. Cold Harbor Lane. Our quest does not
appear to take us to very fashionable regions.”
We had, indeed, reached a questionable and forbidding neighbourhood. Long lines
of dull brick houses were only relieved by the coarse glare and tawdry
brilliancy of public houses at the corner. Then came rows of two-storied villas
each with a fronting of miniature garden, and then again interminable lines of
new staring brick buildings,—the monster tentacles which the giant city
was throwing out into the country. At last the cab drew up at the third house
in a new terrace. None of the other houses were inhabited, and that at which we
stopped was as dark as its neighbours, save for a single glimmer in the kitchen
window. On our knocking, however, the door was instantly thrown open by a
Hindoo servant clad in a yellow turban, white loose-fitting clothes, and a
yellow sash. There was something strangely incongruous in this Oriental figure
framed in the commonplace doorway of a third-rate suburban dwelling-house.
“The Sahib awaits you,” said he, and even as he spoke there came a
high piping voice from some inner room. “Show them in to me,
khitmutgar,” it cried. “Show them straight in to me.”
We followed the Indian down a sordid and common passage, ill-lit and worse
furnished, until he came to a door upon the right, which he threw open. A blaze
of yellow light streamed out upon us, and in the centre of the glare there
stood a small man with a very high head, a bristle of red hair all round the
fringe of it, and a bald, shining scalp which shot out from among it like a
mountain-peak from fir-trees. He writhed his hands together as he stood, and
his features were in a perpetual jerk, now smiling, now scowling, but never for
an instant in repose. Nature had given him a pendulous lip, and a too visible
line of yellow and irregular teeth, which he strove feebly to conceal by
constantly passing his hand over the lower part of his face. In spite of his
obtrusive baldness, he gave the impression of youth. In point of fact he had
just turned his thirtieth year.
“Your servant, Miss Morstan,” he kept repeating, in a thin, high
voice. “Your servant, gentlemen. Pray step into my little sanctum. A
small place, miss, but furnished to my own liking. An oasis of art in the
howling desert of South London.”
We were all astonished by the appearance of the apartment into which he invited
us. In that sorry house it looked as out of place as a diamond of the first
water in a setting of brass. The richest and glossiest of curtains and
tapestries draped the walls, looped back here and there to expose some
richly-mounted painting or Oriental vase. The carpet was of amber-and-black, so
soft and so thick that the foot sank pleasantly into it, as into a bed of moss.
Two great tiger-skins thrown athwart it increased the suggestion of Eastern
luxury, as did a huge hookah which stood upon a mat in the corner. A lamp in
the fashion of a silver dove was hung from an almost invisible golden wire in
the centre of the room. As it burned it filled the air with a subtle and
“Mr. Thaddeus Sholto,” said the little man, still jerking and
smiling. “That is my name. You are Miss Morstan, of course. And these
“This is Mr. Sherlock Holmes, and this is Dr. Watson.”
“A doctor, eh?” cried he, much excited. “Have you your
stethoscope? Might I ask you—would you have the kindness? I have grave
doubts as to my mitral valve, if you would be so very good. The aortic I may
rely upon, but I should value your opinion upon the mitral.”
I listened to his heart, as requested, but was unable to find anything amiss,
save indeed that he was in an ecstasy of fear, for he shivered from head to
foot. “It appears to be normal,” I said. “You have no cause
“You will excuse my anxiety, Miss Morstan,” he remarked, airily.
“I am a great sufferer, and I have long had suspicions as to that valve.
I am delighted to hear that they are unwarranted. Had your father, Miss
Morstan, refrained from throwing a strain upon his heart, he might have been
I could have struck the man across the face, so hot was I at this callous and
off-hand reference to so delicate a matter. Miss Morstan sat down, and her face
grew white to the lips. “I knew in my heart that he was dead,” said
“I can give you every information,” said he, “and, what is
more, I can do you justice; and I will, too, whatever Brother Bartholomew may
say. I am so glad to have your friends here, not only as an escort to you, but
also as witnesses to what I am about to do and say. The three of us can show a
bold front to Brother Bartholomew. But let us have no outsiders,—no
police or officials. We can settle everything satisfactorily among ourselves,
without any interference. Nothing would annoy Brother Bartholomew more than any
publicity.” He sat down upon a low settee and blinked at us inquiringly
with his weak, watery blue eyes.
“For my part,” said Holmes, “whatever you may choose to say
will go no further.”
I nodded to show my agreement.
“That is well! That is well!” said he. “May I offer you a
glass of Chianti, Miss Morstan? Or of Tokay? I keep no other wines. Shall I
open a flask? No? Well, then, I trust that you have no objection to
tobacco-smoke, to the mild balsamic odour of the Eastern tobacco. I am a little
nervous, and I find my hookah an invaluable sedative.” He applied a taper
to the great bowl, and the smoke bubbled merrily through the rose-water. We sat
all three in a semi-circle, with our heads advanced, and our chins upon our
hands, while the strange, jerky little fellow, with his high, shining head,
puffed uneasily in the centre.
“When I first determined to make this communication to you,” said
he, “I might have given you my address, but I feared that you might
disregard my request and bring unpleasant people with you. I took the liberty,
therefore, of making an appointment in such a way that my man Williams might be
able to see you first. I have complete confidence in his discretion, and he had
orders, if he were dissatisfied, to proceed no further in the matter. You will
excuse these precautions, but I am a man of somewhat retiring, and I might even
say refined, tastes, and there is nothing more unæsthetic than a policeman. I
have a natural shrinking from all forms of rough materialism. I seldom come in
contact with the rough crowd. I live, as you see, with some little atmosphere
of elegance around me. I may call myself a patron of the arts. It is my
weakness. The landscape is a genuine Corot, and, though a connoisseur might
perhaps throw a doubt upon that Salvator Rosa, there cannot be the least
question about the Bouguereau. I am partial to the modern French school.”
“You will excuse me, Mr. Sholto,” said Miss Morstan, “but I
am here at your request to learn something which you desire to tell me. It is
very late, and I should desire the interview to be as short as possible.”
“At the best it must take some time,” he answered; “for we
shall certainly have to go to Norwood and see Brother Bartholomew. We shall all
go and try if we can get the better of Brother Bartholomew. He is very angry
with me for taking the course which has seemed right to me. I had quite high
words with him last night. You cannot imagine what a terrible fellow he is when
he is angry.”
“If we are to go to Norwood it would perhaps be as well to start at
once,” I ventured to remark.
He laughed until his ears were quite red. “That would hardly do,”
he cried. “I don’t know what he would say if I brought you in that
sudden way. No, I must prepare you by showing you how we all stand to each
other. In the first place, I must tell you that there are several points in the
story of which I am myself ignorant. I can only lay the facts before you as far
as I know them myself.
“My father was, as you may have guessed, Major John Sholto, once of the
Indian army. He retired some eleven years ago, and came to live at Pondicherry
Lodge in Upper Norwood. He had prospered in India, and brought back with him a
considerable sum of money, a large collection of valuable curiosities, and a
staff of native servants. With these advantages he bought himself a house, and
lived in great luxury. My twin-brother Bartholomew and I were the only
“I very well remember the sensation which was caused by the disappearance
of Captain Morstan. We read the details in the papers, and, knowing that he had
been a friend of our father’s, we discussed the case freely in his
presence. He used to join in our speculations as to what could have happened.
Never for an instant did we suspect that he had the whole secret hidden in his
own breast,—that of all men he alone knew the fate of Arthur Morstan.
“We did know, however, that some mystery—some positive
danger—overhung our father. He was very fearful of going out alone, and
he always employed two prize-fighters to act as porters at Pondicherry Lodge.
Williams, who drove you to-night, was one of them. He was once light-weight
champion of England. Our father would never tell us what it was he feared, but
he had a most marked aversion to men with wooden legs. On one occasion he
actually fired his revolver at a wooden-legged man, who proved to be a harmless
tradesman canvassing for orders. We had to pay a large sum to hush the matter
up. My brother and I used to think this a mere whim of my father’s, but
events have since led us to change our opinion.
“Early in 1882 my father received a letter from India which was a great
shock to him. He nearly fainted at the breakfast-table when he opened it, and
from that day he sickened to his death. What was in the letter we could never
discover, but I could see as he held it that it was short and written in a
scrawling hand. He had suffered for years from an enlarged spleen, but he now
became rapidly worse, and towards the end of April we were informed that he was
beyond all hope, and that he wished to make a last communication to us.
“When we entered his room he was propped up with pillows and breathing
heavily. He besought us to lock the door and to come upon either side of the
bed. Then, grasping our hands, he made a remarkable statement to us, in a voice
which was broken as much by emotion as by pain. I shall try and give it to you
in his own very words.
“‘I have only one thing,’ he said, ‘which weighs upon
my mind at this supreme moment. It is my treatment of poor Morstan’s
orphan. The cursed greed which has been my besetting sin through life has
withheld from her the treasure, half at least of which should have been hers.
And yet I have made no use of it myself,—so blind and foolish a thing is
avarice. The mere feeling of possession has been so dear to me that I could not
bear to share it with another. See that chaplet dipped with pearls beside the
quinine-bottle. Even that I could not bear to part with, although I had got it
out with the design of sending it to her. You, my sons, will give her a fair
share of the Agra treasure. But send her nothing—not even the
chaplet—until I am gone. After all, men have been as bad as this and have
“‘I will tell you how Morstan died,’ he continued. ‘He
had suffered for years from a weak heart, but he concealed it from every one. I
alone knew it. When in India, he and I, through a remarkable chain of
circumstances, came into possession of a considerable treasure. I brought it
over to England, and on the night of Morstan’s arrival he came straight
over here to claim his share. He walked over from the station, and was admitted
by my faithful old Lal Chowdar, who is now dead. Morstan and I had a difference
of opinion as to the division of the treasure, and we came to heated words.
Morstan had sprung out of his chair in a paroxysm of anger, when he suddenly
pressed his hand to his side, his face turned a dusky hue, and he fell
backwards, cutting his head against the corner of the treasure-chest. When I
stooped over him I found, to my horror, that he was dead.
“‘For a long time I sat half distracted, wondering what I should
do. My first impulse was, of course, to call for assistance; but I could not
but recognise that there was every chance that I would be accused of his
murder. His death at the moment of a quarrel, and the gash in his head, would
be black against me. Again, an official inquiry could not be made without
bringing out some facts about the treasure, which I was particularly anxious to
keep secret. He had told me that no soul upon earth knew where he had gone.
There seemed to be no necessity why any soul ever should know.
“‘I was still pondering over the matter, when, looking up, I saw my
servant, Lal Chowdar, in the doorway. He stole in and bolted the door behind
him. “Do not fear, Sahib,” he said. “No one need know that
you have killed him. Let us hide him away, and who is the wiser?”
“I did not kill him,” said I. Lal Chowdar shook his head and
smiled. “I heard it all, Sahib,” said he. “I heard you
quarrel, and I heard the blow. But my lips are sealed. All are asleep in the
house. Let us put him away together.” That was enough to decide me. If my
own servant could not believe my innocence, how could I hope to make it good
before twelve foolish tradesmen in a jury-box? Lal Chowdar and I disposed of
the body that night, and within a few days the London papers were full of the
mysterious disappearance of Captain Morstan. You will see from what I say that
I can hardly be blamed in the matter. My fault lies in the fact that we
concealed not only the body, but also the treasure, and that I have clung to
Morstan’s share as well as to my own. I wish you, therefore, to make
restitution. Put your ears down to my mouth. The treasure is hidden
“At this instant a horrible change came over his expression; his eyes
stared wildly, his jaw dropped, and he yelled, in a voice which I can never
forget, ‘Keep him out! For Christ’s sake keep him out!’ We
both stared round at the window behind us upon which his gaze was fixed. A face
was looking in at us out of the darkness. We could see the whitening of the
nose where it was pressed against the glass. It was a bearded, hairy face, with
wild cruel eyes and an expression of concentrated malevolence. My brother and I
rushed towards the window, but the man was gone. When we returned to my father
his head had dropped and his pulse had ceased to beat.
“We searched the garden that night, but found no sign of the intruder,
save that just under the window a single footmark was visible in the
flower-bed. But for that one trace, we might have thought that our imaginations
had conjured up that wild, fierce face. We soon, however, had another and a
more striking proof that there were secret agencies at work all round us. The
window of my father’s room was found open in the morning, his cupboards
and boxes had been rifled, and upon his chest was fixed a torn piece of paper,
with the words ‘The sign of the four’ scrawled across it. What the
phrase meant, or who our secret visitor may have been, we never knew. As far as
we can judge, none of my father’s property had been actually stolen,
though everything had been turned out. My brother and I naturally associated
this peculiar incident with the fear which haunted my father during his life;
but it is still a complete mystery to us.”
The little man stopped to relight his hookah and puffed thoughtfully for a few
moments. We had all sat absorbed, listening to his extraordinary narrative. At
the short account of her father’s death Miss Morstan had turned deadly
white, and for a moment I feared that she was about to faint. She rallied
however, on drinking a glass of water which I quietly poured out for her from a
Venetian carafe upon the side-table. Sherlock Holmes leaned back in his chair
with an abstracted expression and the lids drawn low over his glittering eyes.
As I glanced at him I could not but think how on that very day he had
complained bitterly of the commonplaceness of life. Here at least was a problem
which would tax his sagacity to the utmost. Mr. Thaddeus Sholto looked from one
to the other of us with an obvious pride at the effect which his story had
produced, and then continued between the puffs of his overgrown pipe.
“My brother and I,” said he, “were, as you may imagine, much
excited as to the treasure which my father had spoken of. For weeks and for
months we dug and delved in every part of the garden, without discovering its
whereabouts. It was maddening to think that the hiding-place was on his very
lips at the moment that he died. We could judge the splendour of the missing
riches by the chaplet which he had taken out. Over this chaplet my brother
Bartholomew and I had some little discussion. The pearls were evidently of
great value, and he was averse to part with them, for, between friends, my
brother was himself a little inclined to my father’s fault. He thought,
too, that if we parted with the chaplet it might give rise to gossip and
finally bring us into trouble. It was all that I could do to persuade him to
let me find out Miss Morstan’s address and send her a detached pearl at
fixed intervals, so that at least she might never feel destitute.”
“It was a kindly thought,” said our companion, earnestly. “It
was extremely good of you.”
The little man waved his hand deprecatingly. “We were your
trustees,” he said. “That was the view which I took of it, though
Brother Bartholomew could not altogether see it in that light. We had plenty of
money ourselves. I desired no more. Besides, it would have been such bad taste
to have treated a young lady in so scurvy a fashion. ‘Le mauvais goût
mène au crime.’ The French have a very neat way of putting these things.
Our difference of opinion on this subject went so far that I thought it best to
set up rooms for myself: so I left Pondicherry Lodge, taking the old khitmutgar
and Williams with me. Yesterday, however, I learn that an event of extreme
importance has occurred. The treasure has been discovered. I instantly
communicated with Miss Morstan, and it only remains for us to drive out to
Norwood and demand our share. I explained my views last night to Brother
Bartholomew: so we shall be expected, if not welcome, visitors.”
Mr. Thaddeus Sholto ceased, and sat twitching on his luxurious settee. We all
remained silent, with our thoughts upon the new development which the
mysterious business had taken. Holmes was the first to spring to his feet.
“You have done well, sir, from first to last,” said he. “It
is possible that we may be able to make you some small return by throwing some
light upon that which is still dark to you. But, as Miss Morstan remarked just
now, it is late, and we had best put the matter through without delay.”
Our new acquaintance very deliberately coiled up the tube of his hookah, and
produced from behind a curtain a very long befrogged topcoat with Astrakhan
collar and cuffs. This he buttoned tightly up, in spite of the extreme
closeness of the night, and finished his attire by putting on a rabbit-skin cap
with hanging lappets which covered the ears, so that no part of him was visible
save his mobile and peaky face. “My health is somewhat fragile,” he
remarked, as he led the way down the passage. “I am compelled to be a
Our cab was awaiting us outside, and our programme was evidently prearranged,
for the driver started off at once at a rapid pace. Thaddeus Sholto talked
incessantly, in a voice which rose high above the rattle of the wheels.
“Bartholomew is a clever fellow,” said he. “How do you think
he found out where the treasure was? He had come to the conclusion that it was
somewhere indoors: so he worked out all the cubic space of the house, and made
measurements everywhere, so that not one inch should be unaccounted for. Among
other things, he found that the height of the building was seventy-four feet,
but on adding together the heights of all the separate rooms, and making every
allowance for the space between, which he ascertained by borings, he could not
bring the total to more than seventy feet. There were four feet unaccounted
for. These could only be at the top of the building. He knocked a hole,
therefore, in the lath-and-plaster ceiling of the highest room, and there, sure
enough, he came upon another little garret above it, which had been sealed up
and was known to no one. In the centre stood the treasure-chest, resting upon
two rafters. He lowered it through the hole, and there it lies. He computes the
value of the jewels at not less than half a million sterling.”
At the mention of this gigantic sum we all stared at one another open-eyed.
Miss Morstan, could we secure her rights, would change from a needy governess
to the richest heiress in England. Surely it was the place of a loyal friend to
rejoice at such news; yet I am ashamed to say that selfishness took me by the
soul, and that my heart turned as heavy as lead within me. I stammered out some
few halting words of congratulation, and then sat downcast, with my head
drooped, deaf to the babble of our new acquaintance. He was clearly a confirmed
hypochondriac, and I was dreamily conscious that he was pouring forth
interminable trains of symptoms, and imploring information as to the
composition and action of innumerable quack nostrums, some of which he bore
about in a leather case in his pocket. I trust that he may not remember any of
the answers which I gave him that night. Holmes declares that he overheard me
caution him against the great danger of taking more than two drops of castor
oil, while I recommended strychnine in large doses as a sedative. However that
may be, I was certainly relieved when our cab pulled up with a jerk and the
coachman sprang down to open the door.
“This, Miss Morstan, is Pondicherry Lodge,” said Mr. Thaddeus
Sholto, as he handed her out.
It was nearly eleven o’clock when we reached this final stage of our
night’s adventures. We had left the damp fog of the great city behind us,
and the night was fairly fine. A warm wind blew from the westward, and heavy
clouds moved slowly across the sky, with half a moon peeping occasionally
through the rifts. It was clear enough to see for some distance, but Thaddeus
Sholto took down one of the side-lamps from the carriage to give us a better
light upon our way.
Pondicherry Lodge stood in its own grounds, and was girt round with a very high
stone wall topped with broken glass. A single narrow iron-clamped door formed
the only means of entrance. On this our guide knocked with a peculiar
“Who is there?” cried a gruff voice from within.
“It is I, McMurdo. You surely know my knock by this time.”
There was a grumbling sound and a clanking and jarring of keys. The door swung
heavily back, and a short, deep-chested man stood in the opening, with the
yellow light of the lantern shining upon his protruded face and twinkling
“That you, Mr. Thaddeus? But who are the others? I had no orders about
them from the master.”
“No, McMurdo? You surprise me! I told my brother last night that I should
bring some friends.”
“He ain’t been out o’ his room to-day, Mr. Thaddeus, and I
have no orders. You know very well that I must stick to regulations. I can let
you in, but your friends must just stop where they are.”
This was an unexpected obstacle. Thaddeus Sholto looked about him in a
perplexed and helpless manner. “This is too bad of you, McMurdo!”
he said. “If I guarantee them, that is enough for you. There is the young
lady, too. She cannot wait on the public road at this hour.”
“Very sorry, Mr. Thaddeus,” said the porter, inexorably.
“Folk may be friends o’ yours, and yet no friends o’ the
master’s. He pays me well to do my duty, and my duty I’ll do. I
don’t know none o’ your friends.”
“Oh, yes you do, McMurdo,” cried Sherlock Holmes, genially.
“I don’t think you can have forgotten me. Don’t you remember
the amateur who fought three rounds with you at Alison’s rooms on the
night of your benefit four years back?”
“Not Mr. Sherlock Holmes!” roared the prize-fighter.
“God’s truth! how could I have mistook you? If instead o’
standin’ there so quiet you had just stepped up and given me that
cross-hit of yours under the jaw, I’d ha’ known you without a
question. Ah, you’re one that has wasted your gifts, you have! You might
have aimed high, if you had joined the fancy.”
“You see, Watson, if all else fails me I have still one of the scientific
professions open to me,” said Holmes, laughing. “Our friend
won’t keep us out in the cold now, I am sure.”
“In you come, sir, in you come,—you and your friends,” he
answered. “Very sorry, Mr. Thaddeus, but orders are very strict. Had to
be certain of your friends before I let them in.”
Inside, a gravel path wound through desolate grounds to a huge clump of a
house, square and prosaic, all plunged in shadow save where a moonbeam struck
one corner and glimmered in a garret window. The vast size of the building,
with its gloom and its deathly silence, struck a chill to the heart. Even
Thaddeus Sholto seemed ill at ease, and the lantern quivered and rattled in his
“I cannot understand it,” he said. “There must be some
mistake. I distinctly told Bartholomew that we should be here, and yet there is
no light in his window. I do not know what to make of it.”
“Does he always guard the premises in this way?” asked Holmes.
“Yes; he has followed my father’s custom. He was the favourite son,
you know, and I sometimes think that my father may have told him more than he
ever told me. That is Bartholomew’s window up there where the moonshine
strikes. It is quite bright, but there is no light from within, I think.”
“None,” said Holmes. “But I see the glint of a light in that
little window beside the door.”
“Ah, that is the housekeeper’s room. That is where old Mrs.
Bernstone sits. She can tell us all about it. But perhaps you would not mind
waiting here for a minute or two, for if we all go in together and she has no
word of our coming she may be alarmed. But hush! what is that?”
He held up the lantern, and his hand shook until the circles of light flickered
and wavered all round us. Miss Morstan seized my wrist, and we all stood with
thumping hearts, straining our ears. From the great black house there sounded
through the silent night the saddest and most pitiful of sounds,—the
shrill, broken whimpering of a frightened woman.
“It is Mrs. Bernstone,” said Sholto. “She is the only woman
in the house. Wait here. I shall be back in a moment.” He hurried for the
door, and knocked in his peculiar way. We could see a tall old woman admit him,
and sway with pleasure at the very sight of him.
“Oh, Mr. Thaddeus, sir, I am so glad you have come! I am so glad you have
come, Mr. Thaddeus, sir!” We heard her reiterated rejoicings until the
door was closed and her voice died away into a muffled monotone.
Our guide had left us the lantern. Holmes swung it slowly round, and peered
keenly at the house, and at the great rubbish-heaps which cumbered the grounds.
Miss Morstan and I stood together, and her hand was in mine. A wondrous subtle
thing is love, for here were we two who had never seen each other before that
day, between whom no word or even look of affection had ever passed, and yet
now in an hour of trouble our hands instinctively sought for each other. I have
marvelled at it since, but at the time it seemed the most natural thing that I
should go out to her so, and, as she has often told me, there was in her also
the instinct to turn to me for comfort and protection. So we stood hand in
hand, like two children, and there was peace in our hearts for all the dark
things that surrounded us.
“What a strange place!” she said, looking round.
“It looks as though all the moles in England had been let loose in it. I
have seen something of the sort on the side of a hill near Ballarat, where the
prospectors had been at work.”
“And from the same cause,” said Holmes. “These are the traces
of the treasure-seekers. You must remember that they were six years looking for
it. No wonder that the grounds look like a gravel-pit.”
At that moment the door of the house burst open, and Thaddeus Sholto came
running out, with his hands thrown forward and terror in his eyes.
“There is something amiss with Bartholomew!” he cried. “I am
frightened! My nerves cannot stand it.” He was, indeed, half blubbering
with fear, and his twitching feeble face peeping out from the great Astrakhan
collar had the helpless appealing expression of a terrified child.
“Come into the house,” said Holmes, in his crisp, firm way.
“Yes, do!” pleaded Thaddeus Sholto. “I really do not feel
equal to giving directions.”
We all followed him into the housekeeper’s room, which stood upon the
left-hand side of the passage. The old woman was pacing up and down with a
scared look and restless picking fingers, but the sight of Miss Morstan
appeared to have a soothing effect upon her.
“God bless your sweet calm face!” she cried, with an hysterical
sob. “It does me good to see you. Oh, but I have been sorely tried this
Our companion patted her thin, work-worn hand, and murmured some few words of
kindly womanly comfort which brought the colour back into the other’s
“Master has locked himself in and will not answer me,” she
explained. “All day I have waited to hear from him, for he often likes to
be alone; but an hour ago I feared that something was amiss, so I went up and
peeped through the key-hole. You must go up, Mr. Thaddeus,—you must go up
and look for yourself. I have seen Mr. Bartholomew Sholto in joy and in sorrow
for ten long years, but I never saw him with such a face on him as that.”
Sherlock Holmes took the lamp and led the way, for Thaddeus Sholto’s
teeth were chattering in his head. So shaken was he that I had to pass my hand
under his arm as we went up the stairs, for his knees were trembling under him.
Twice as we ascended Holmes whipped his lens out of his pocket and carefully
examined marks which appeared to me to be mere shapeless smudges of dust upon
the cocoa-nut matting which served as a stair-carpet. He walked slowly from
step to step, holding the lamp, and shooting keen glances to right and left.
Miss Morstan had remained behind with the frightened housekeeper.
The third flight of stairs ended in a straight passage of some length, with a
great picture in Indian tapestry upon the right of it and three doors upon the
left. Holmes advanced along it in the same slow and methodical way, while we
kept close at his heels, with our long black shadows streaming backwards down
the corridor. The third door was that which we were seeking. Holmes knocked
without receiving any answer, and then tried to turn the handle and force it
open. It was locked on the inside, however, and by a broad and powerful bolt,
as we could see when we set our lamp up against it. The key being turned,
however, the hole was not entirely closed. Sherlock Holmes bent down to it, and
instantly rose again with a sharp intaking of the breath.
“There is something devilish in this, Watson,” said he, more moved
than I had ever before seen him. “What do you make of it?”
I stooped to the hole, and recoiled in horror. Moonlight was streaming into the
room, and it was bright with a vague and shifty radiance. Looking straight at
me, and suspended, as it were, in the air, for all beneath was in shadow, there
hung a face,—the very face of our companion Thaddeus. There was the same
high, shining head, the same circular bristle of red hair, the same bloodless
countenance. The features were set, however, in a horrible smile, a fixed and
unnatural grin, which in that still and moonlit room was more jarring to the
nerves than any scowl or contortion. So like was the face to that of our little
friend that I looked round at him to make sure that he was indeed with us. Then
I recalled to mind that he had mentioned to us that his brother and he were
“This is terrible!” I said to Holmes. “What is to be
“The door must come down,” he answered, and, springing against it,
he put all his weight upon the lock. It creaked and groaned, but did not yield.
Together we flung ourselves upon it once more, and this time it gave way with a
sudden snap, and we found ourselves within Bartholomew Sholto’s chamber.
It appeared to have been fitted up as a chemical laboratory. A double line of
glass-stoppered bottles was drawn up upon the wall opposite the door, and the
table was littered over with Bunsen burners, test-tubes, and retorts. In the
corners stood carboys of acid in wicker baskets. One of these appeared to leak
or to have been broken, for a stream of dark-coloured liquid had trickled out
from it, and the air was heavy with a peculiarly pungent, tar-like odour. A set
of steps stood at one side of the room, in the midst of a litter of lath and
plaster, and above them there was an opening in the ceiling large enough for a
man to pass through. At the foot of the steps a long coil of rope was thrown
By the table, in a wooden arm-chair, the master of the house was seated all in
a heap, with his head sunk upon his left shoulder, and that ghastly,
inscrutable smile upon his face. He was stiff and cold, and had clearly been
dead many hours. It seemed to me that not only his features but all his limbs
were twisted and turned in the most fantastic fashion. By his hand upon the
table there lay a peculiar instrument,—a brown, close-grained stick, with
a stone head like a hammer, rudely lashed on with coarse twine. Beside it was a
torn sheet of note-paper with some words scrawled upon it. Holmes glanced at
it, and then handed it to me.
“You see,” he said, with a significant raising of the eyebrows.
In the light of the lantern I read, with a thrill of horror, “The sign of
“In God’s name, what does it all mean?” I asked.
“It means murder,” said he, stooping over the dead man. “Ah,
I expected it. Look here!” He pointed to what looked like a long, dark
thorn stuck in the skin just above the ear.
“It looks like a thorn,” said I.
“It is a thorn. You may pick it out. But be careful, for it is
I took it up between my finger and thumb. It came away from the skin so readily
that hardly any mark was left behind. One tiny speck of blood showed where the
puncture had been.
“This is all an insoluble mystery to me,” said I. “It grows
darker instead of clearer.”
“On the contrary,” he answered, “it clears every instant. I
only require a few missing links to have an entirely connected case.”
We had almost forgotten our companion’s presence since we entered the
chamber. He was still standing in the doorway, the very picture of terror,
wringing his hands and moaning to himself. Suddenly, however, he broke out into
a sharp, querulous cry.
“The treasure is gone!” he said. “They have robbed him of the
treasure! There is the hole through which we lowered it. I helped him to do it!
I was the last person who saw him! I left him here last night, and I heard him
lock the door as I came downstairs.”
“What time was that?”
“It was ten o’clock. And now he is dead, and the police will be
called in, and I shall be suspected of having had a hand in it. Oh, yes, I am
sure I shall. But you don’t think so, gentlemen? Surely you don’t
think that it was I? Is it likely that I would have brought you here if it were
I? Oh, dear! oh, dear! I know that I shall go mad!” He jerked his arms
and stamped his feet in a kind of convulsive frenzy.
“You have no reason for fear, Mr. Sholto,” said Holmes, kindly,
putting his hand upon his shoulder. “Take my advice, and drive down to
the station to report this matter to the police. Offer to assist them in every
way. We shall wait here until your return.”
The little man obeyed in a half-stupefied fashion, and we heard him stumbling
down the stairs in the dark.
“Now, Watson,” said Holmes, rubbing his hands, “we have half
an hour to ourselves. Let us make good use of it. My case is, as I have told
you, almost complete; but we must not err on the side of over-confidence.
Simple as the case seems now, there may be something deeper underlying
“Simple!” I ejaculated.
“Surely,” said he, with something of the air of a clinical
professor expounding to his class. “Just sit in the corner there, that
your footprints may not complicate matters. Now to work! In the first place,
how did these folk come, and how did they go? The door has not been opened
since last night. How of the window?” He carried the lamp across to it,
muttering his observations aloud the while, but addressing them to himself
rather than to me. “Window is snibbed on the inner side. Framework is
solid. No hinges at the side. Let us open it. No water-pipe near. Roof quite
out of reach. Yet a man has mounted by the window. It rained a little last
night. Here is the print of a foot in mould upon the sill. And here is a
circular muddy mark, and here again upon the floor, and here again by the
table. See here, Watson! This is really a very pretty demonstration.”
I looked at the round, well-defined muddy discs. “This is not a
footmark,” said I.
“It is something much more valuable to us. It is the impression of a
wooden stump. You see here on the sill is the boot-mark, a heavy boot with the
broad metal heel, and beside it is the mark of the timber-toe.”
“It is the wooden-legged man.”
“Quite so. But there has been some one else,—a very able and
efficient ally. Could you scale that wall, doctor?”
I looked out of the open window. The moon still shone brightly on that angle of
the house. We were a good sixty feet from the ground, and, look where I would,
I could see no foothold, nor as much as a crevice in the brick-work.
“It is absolutely impossible,” I answered.
“Without aid it is so. But suppose you had a friend up here who lowered
you this good stout rope which I see in the corner, securing one end of it to
this great hook in the wall. Then, I think, if you were an active man, You
might swarm up, wooden leg and all. You would depart, of course, in the same
fashion, and your ally would draw up the rope, untie it from the hook, shut the
window, snib it on the inside, and get away in the way that he originally came.
As a minor point it may be noted,” he continued, fingering the rope,
“that our wooden-legged friend, though a fair climber, was not a
professional sailor. His hands were far from horny. My lens discloses more than
one blood-mark, especially towards the end of the rope, from which I gather
that he slipped down with such velocity that he took the skin off his
“This is all very well,” said I, “but the thing becomes more
unintelligible than ever. How about this mysterious ally? How came he into the
“Yes, the ally!” repeated Holmes, pensively. “There are
features of interest about this ally. He lifts the case from the regions of the
commonplace. I fancy that this ally breaks fresh ground in the annals of crime
in this country,—though parallel cases suggest themselves from India,
and, if my memory serves me, from Senegambia.”
“How came he, then?” I reiterated. “The door is locked, the
window is inaccessible. Was it through the chimney?”
“The grate is much too small,” he answered. “I had already
considered that possibility.”
“How then?” I persisted.
“You will not apply my precept,” he said, shaking his head.
“How often have I said to you that when you have eliminated the
impossible whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth? We
know that he did not come through the door, the window, or the chimney. We also
know that he could not have been concealed in the room, as there is no
concealment possible. Whence, then, did he come?”
“He came through the hole in the roof,” I cried.
“Of course he did. He must have done so. If you will have the kindness to
hold the lamp for me, we shall now extend our researches to the room
above,—the secret room in which the treasure was found.”
He mounted the steps, and, seizing a rafter with either hand, he swung himself
up into the garret. Then, lying on his face, he reached down for the lamp and
held it while I followed him.
The chamber in which we found ourselves was about ten feet one way and six the
other. The floor was formed by the rafters, with thin lath-and-plaster between,
so that in walking one had to step from beam to beam. The roof ran up to an
apex, and was evidently the inner shell of the true roof of the house. There
was no furniture of any sort, and the accumulated dust of years lay thick upon
“Here you are, you see,” said Sherlock Holmes, putting his hand
against the sloping wall. “This is a trap-door which leads out on to the
roof. I can press it back, and here is the roof itself, sloping at a gentle
angle. This, then, is the way by which Number One entered. Let us see if we can
find any other traces of his individuality.”
He held down the lamp to the floor, and as he did so I saw for the second time
that night a startled, surprised look come over his face. For myself, as I
followed his gaze my skin was cold under my clothes. The floor was covered
thickly with the prints of a naked foot,—clear, well defined, perfectly
formed, but scarce half the size of those of an ordinary man.
“Holmes,” I said, in a whisper, “a child has done the horrid
He had recovered his self-possession in an instant. “I was staggered for
the moment,” he said, “but the thing is quite natural. My memory
failed me, or I should have been able to foretell it. There is nothing more to
be learned here. Let us go down.”
“What is your theory, then, as to those footmarks?” I asked,
eagerly, when we had regained the lower room once more.
“My dear Watson, try a little analysis yourself,” said he, with a
touch of impatience. “You know my methods. Apply them, and it will be
instructive to compare results.”
“I cannot conceive anything which will cover the facts,” I
“It will be clear enough to you soon,” he said, in an off-hand way.
“I think that there is nothing else of importance here, but I will
look.” He whipped out his lens and a tape measure, and hurried about the
room on his knees, measuring, comparing, examining, with his long thin nose
only a few inches from the planks, and his beady eyes gleaming and deep-set
like those of a bird. So swift, silent, and furtive were his movements, like
those of a trained blood-hound picking out a scent, that I could not but think
what a terrible criminal he would have made had he turned his energy and
sagacity against the law, instead of exerting them in its defence. As he hunted
about, he kept muttering to himself, and finally he broke out into a loud crow
“We are certainly in luck,” said he. “We ought to have very
little trouble now. Number One has had the misfortune to tread in the creosote.
You can see the outline of the edge of his small foot here at the side of this
evil-smelling mess. The carboy has been cracked, You see, and the stuff has
“What then?” I asked.
“Why, we have got him, that’s all,” said he. “I know a
dog that would follow that scent to the world’s end. If a pack can track
a trailed herring across a shire, how far can a specially-trained hound follow
so pungent a smell as this? It sounds like a sum in the rule of three. The
answer should give us the—But halloa! here are the accredited
representatives of the law.”
Heavy steps and the clamour of loud voices were audible from below, and the
hall door shut with a loud crash.
“Before they come,” said Holmes, “just put your hand here on
this poor fellow’s arm, and here on his leg. What do you feel?”
“The muscles are as hard as a board,” I answered.
“Quite so. They are in a state of extreme contraction, far exceeding the
usual rigor mortis. Coupled with this distortion of the face, this
Hippocratic smile, or ‘risus sardonicus,’ as the old writers
called it, what conclusion would it suggest to your mind?”
“Death from some powerful vegetable alkaloid,” I
answered,—“some strychnine-like substance which would produce
“That was the idea which occurred to me the instant I saw the drawn
muscles of the face. On getting into the room I at once looked for the means by
which the poison had entered the system. As you saw, I discovered a thorn which
had been driven or shot with no great force into the scalp. You observe that
the part struck was that which would be turned towards the hole in the ceiling
if the man were erect in his chair. Now examine the thorn.”
I took it up gingerly and held it in the light of the lantern. It was long,
sharp, and black, with a glazed look near the point as though some gummy
substance had dried upon it. The blunt end had been trimmed and rounded off
with a knife.
“Is that an English thorn?” he asked.
“No, it certainly is not.”
“With all these data you should be able to draw some just inference. But
here are the regulars; so the auxiliary forces may beat a retreat.”
As he spoke, the steps which had been coming nearer sounded loudly on the
passage, and a very stout, portly man in a grey suit strode heavily into the
room. He was red-faced, burly and plethoric, with a pair of very small
twinkling eyes which looked keenly out from between swollen and puffy pouches.
He was closely followed by an inspector in uniform, and by the still
palpitating Thaddeus Sholto.
“Here’s a business!” he cried, in a muffled, husky voice.
“Here’s a pretty business! But who are all these? Why, the house
seems to be as full as a rabbit-warren!”
“I think you must recollect me, Mr. Athelney Jones,” said Holmes,
“Why, of course I do!” he wheezed. “It’s Mr. Sherlock
Holmes, the theorist. Remember you! I’ll never forget how you lectured us
all on causes and inferences and effects in the Bishopgate jewel case.
It’s true you set us on the right track; but you’ll own now that it
was more by good luck than good guidance.”
“It was a piece of very simple reasoning.”
“Oh, come, now, come! Never be ashamed to own up. But what is all this?
Bad business! Bad business! Stern facts here,—no room for theories. How
lucky that I happened to be out at Norwood over another case! I was at the
station when the message arrived. What d’you think the man died
“Oh, this is hardly a case for me to theorise over,” said Holmes,
“No, no. Still, we can’t deny that you hit the nail on the head
sometimes. Dear me! Door locked, I understand. Jewels worth half a million
missing. How was the window?”
“Fastened; but there are steps on the sill.”
“Well, well, if it was fastened the steps could have nothing to do with
the matter. That’s common sense. Man might have died in a fit; but then
the jewels are missing. Ha! I have a theory. These flashes come upon me at
times.—Just step outside, sergeant, and you, Mr. Sholto. Your friend can
remain.—What do you think of this, Holmes? Sholto was, on his own
confession, with his brother last night. The brother died in a fit, on which
Sholto walked off with the treasure. How’s that?”
“On which the dead man very considerately got up and locked the door on
“Hum! There’s a flaw there. Let us apply common sense to the
matter. This Thaddeus Sholto was with his brother; there was a
quarrel; so much we know. The brother is dead and the jewels are gone. So much
also we know. No one saw the brother from the time Thaddeus left him. His bed
had not been slept in. Thaddeus is evidently in a most disturbed state of mind.
His appearance is—well, not attractive. You see that I am weaving my web
round Thaddeus. The net begins to close upon him.”
“You are not quite in possession of the facts yet,” said Holmes.
“This splinter of wood, which I have every reason to believe to be
poisoned, was in the man’s scalp where you still see the mark; this card,
inscribed as you see it, was on the table; and beside it lay this rather
curious stone-headed instrument. How does all that fit into your theory?”
“Confirms it in every respect,” said the fat detective, pompously.
“House is full of Indian curiosities. Thaddeus brought this up, and if
this splinter be poisonous Thaddeus may as well have made murderous use of it
as any other man. The card is some hocus-pocus,—a blind, as like as not.
The only question is, how did he depart? Ah, of course, here is a hole in the
roof.” With great activity, considering his bulk, he sprang up the steps
and squeezed through into the garret, and immediately afterwards we heard his
exulting voice proclaiming that he had found the trap-door.
“He can find something,” remarked Holmes, shrugging his shoulders.
“He has occasional glimmerings of reason. Il n’y a pas des sots
si incommodes que ceux qui ont de l’esprit!”
“You see!” said Athelney Jones, reappearing down the steps again.
“Facts are better than mere theories, after all. My view of the case is
confirmed. There is a trap-door communicating with the roof, and it is partly
“It was I who opened it.”
“Oh, indeed! You did notice it, then?” He seemed a little
crestfallen at the discovery. “Well, whoever noticed it, it shows how our
gentleman got away. Inspector!”
“Yes, sir,” from the passage.
“Ask Mr. Sholto to step this way.—Mr. Sholto, it is my duty to
inform you that anything which you may say will be used against you. I arrest
you in the Queen’s name as being concerned in the death of your
“There, now! Didn’t I tell you!” cried the poor little man,
throwing out his hands, and looking from one to the other of us.
“Don’t trouble yourself about it, Mr. Sholto,” said Holmes.
“I think that I can engage to clear you of the charge.”
“Don’t promise too much, Mr. Theorist,—don’t promise
too much!” snapped the detective. “You may find it a harder matter
than you think.”
“Not only will I clear him, Mr. Jones, but I will make you a free present
of the name and description of one of the two people who were in this room last
night. His name, I have every reason to believe, is Jonathan Small. He is a
poorly-educated man, small, active, with his right leg off, and wearing a
wooden stump which is worn away upon the inner side. His left boot has a
coarse, square-toed sole, with an iron band round the heel. He is a middle-aged
man, much sunburned, and has been a convict. These few indications may be of
some assistance to you, coupled with the fact that there is a good deal of skin
missing from the palm of his hand. The other man—”
“Ah! the other man—?” asked Athelney Jones, in a sneering
voice, but impressed none the less, as I could easily see, by the precision of
the other’s manner.
“Is a rather curious person,” said Sherlock Holmes, turning upon
his heel. “I hope before very long to be able to introduce you to the
pair of them.—A word with you, Watson.”
He led me out to the head of the stair. “This unexpected
occurrence,” he said, “has caused us rather to lose sight of the
original purpose of our journey.”
“I have just been thinking so,” I answered. “It is not right
that Miss Morstan should remain in this stricken house.”
“No. You must escort her home. She lives with Mrs. Cecil Forrester, in
Lower Camberwell: so it is not very far. I will wait for you here if you will
drive out again. Or perhaps you are too tired?”
“By no means. I don’t think I could rest until I know more of this
fantastic business. I have seen something of the rough side of life, but I give
you my word that this quick succession of strange surprises to-night has shaken
my nerve completely. I should like, however, to see the matter through with
you, now that I have got so far.”
“Your presence will be of great service to me,” he answered.
“We shall work the case out independently, and leave this fellow Jones to
exult over any mare’s-nest which he may choose to construct. When you
have dropped Miss Morstan I wish you to go on to No. 3, Pinchin Lane, down near
the water’s edge at Lambeth. The third house on the right-hand side is a
bird-stuffer’s: Sherman is the name. You will see a weasel holding a
young rabbit in the window. Knock old Sherman up, and tell him, with my
compliments, that I want Toby at once. You will bring Toby back in the cab with
“A dog, I suppose.”
“Yes,—a queer mongrel, with a most amazing power of scent. I would
rather have Toby’s help than that of the whole detective force of
“I shall bring him, then,” said I. “It is one now. I ought to
be back before three, if I can get a fresh horse.”
“And I,” said Holmes, “shall see what I can learn from Mrs.
Bernstone, and from the Indian servant, who, Mr. Thaddeus tell me, sleeps in
the next garret. Then I shall study the great Jones’s methods and listen
to his not too delicate sarcasms. ‘Wir sind gewohnt das die Menschen
verhöhnen was sie nicht verstehen.’ Goethe is always pithy.”
The police had brought a cab with them, and in this I escorted Miss Morstan
back to her home. After the angelic fashion of women, she had borne trouble
with a calm face as long as there was some one weaker than herself to support,
and I had found her bright and placid by the side of the frightened
housekeeper. In the cab, however, she first turned faint, and then burst into a
passion of weeping,—so sorely had she been tried by the adventures of the
night. She has told me since that she thought me cold and distant upon that
journey. She little guessed the struggle within my breast, or the effort of
self-restraint which held me back. My sympathies and my love went out to her,
even as my hand had in the garden. I felt that years of the conventionalities
of life could not teach me to know her sweet, brave nature as had this one day
of strange experiences. Yet there were two thoughts which sealed the words of
affection upon my lips. She was weak and helpless, shaken in mind and nerve. It
was to take her at a disadvantage to obtrude love upon her at such a time.
Worse still, she was rich. If Holmes’s researches were successful, she
would be an heiress. Was it fair, was it honourable, that a half-pay surgeon
should take such advantage of an intimacy which chance had brought about? Might
she not look upon me as a mere vulgar fortune-seeker? I could not bear to risk
that such a thought should cross her mind. This Agra treasure intervened like
an impassable barrier between us.
It was nearly two o’clock when we reached Mrs. Cecil Forrester’s.
The servants had retired hours ago, but Mrs. Forrester had been so interested
by the strange message which Miss Morstan had received that she had sat up in
the hope of her return. She opened the door herself, a middle-aged, graceful
woman, and it gave me joy to see how tenderly her arm stole round the
other’s waist and how motherly was the voice in which she greeted her.
She was clearly no mere paid dependant, but an honoured friend. I was
introduced, and Mrs. Forrester earnestly begged me to step in and tell her our
adventures. I explained, however, the importance of my errand, and promised
faithfully to call and report any progress which we might make with the case.
As we drove away I stole a glance back, and I still seem to see that little
group on the step, the two graceful, clinging figures, the half-opened door,
the hall-light shining through stained glass, the barometer, and the bright
stair-rods. It was soothing to catch even that passing glimpse of a tranquil
English home in the midst of the wild, dark business which had absorbed us.
And the more I thought of what had happened, the wilder and darker it grew. I
reviewed the whole extraordinary sequence of events as I rattled on through the
silent gas-lit streets. There was the original problem: that at least was
pretty clear now. The death of Captain Morstan, the sending of the pearls, the
advertisement, the letter,—we had had light upon all those events. They
had only led us, however, to a deeper and far more tragic mystery. The Indian
treasure, the curious plan found among Morstan’s baggage, the strange
scene at Major Sholto’s death, the rediscovery of the treasure
immediately followed by the murder of the discoverer, the very singular
accompaniments to the crime, the footsteps, the remarkable weapons, the words
upon the card, corresponding with those upon Captain Morstan’s
chart,—here was indeed a labyrinth in which a man less singularly endowed
than my fellow-lodger might well despair of ever finding the clue.
Pinchin Lane was a row of shabby two-storied brick houses in the lower quarter
of Lambeth. I had to knock for some time at No. 3 before I could make my
impression. At last, however, there was the glint of a candle behind the blind,
and a face looked out at the upper window.
“Go on, you drunken vagabone,” said the face. “If you kick up
any more row I’ll open the kennels and let out forty-three dogs upon
“If you’ll let one out it’s just what I have come for,”
“Go on!” yelled the voice. “So help me gracious, I have a
wiper in the bag, an’ I’ll drop it on your ’ead if you
don’t hook it.”
“But I want a dog,” I cried.
“I won’t be argued with!” shouted Mr. Sherman. “Now
stand clear, for when I say ‘three,’ down goes the wiper.”
“Mr. Sherlock Holmes—” I began, but the words had a most
magical effect, for the window instantly slammed down, and within a minute the
door was unbarred and open. Mr. Sherman was a lanky, lean old man, with
stooping shoulders, a stringy neck, and blue-tinted glasses.
“A friend of Mr. Sherlock is always welcome,” said he. “Step
in, sir. Keep clear of the badger; for he bites. Ah, naughty, naughty, would
you take a nip at the gentleman?” This to a stoat which thrust its wicked
head and red eyes between the bars of its cage. “Don’t mind that,
sir: it’s only a slow-worm. It hain’t got no fangs, so I gives it
the run o’ the room, for it keeps the beetles down. You must not mind my
bein’ just a little short wi’ you at first, for I’m guyed at
by the children, and there’s many a one just comes down this lane to
knock me up. What was it that Mr. Sherlock Holmes wanted, sir?”
“He wanted a dog of yours.”
“Ah! that would be Toby.”
“Yes, Toby was the name.”
“Toby lives at No. 7 on the left here.” He moved slowly forward
with his candle among the queer animal family which he had gathered round him.
In the uncertain, shadowy light I could see dimly that there were glancing,
glimmering eyes peeping down at us from every cranny and corner. Even the
rafters above our heads were lined by solemn fowls, who lazily shifted their
weight from one leg to the other as our voices disturbed their slumbers.
Toby proved to be an ugly, long-haired, lop-eared creature, half spaniel and
half lurcher, brown-and-white in colour, with a very clumsy waddling gait. It
accepted after some hesitation a lump of sugar which the old naturalist handed
to me, and, having thus sealed an alliance, it followed me to the cab, and made
no difficulties about accompanying me. It had just struck three on the Palace
clock when I found myself back once more at Pondicherry Lodge. The
ex-prize-fighter McMurdo had, I found, been arrested as an accessory, and both
he and Mr. Sholto had been marched off to the station. Two constables guarded
the narrow gate, but they allowed me to pass with the dog on my mentioning the
Holmes was standing on the door-step, with his hands in his pockets, smoking
“Ah, you have him there!” said he. “Good dog, then! Atheney
Jones has gone. We have had an immense display of energy since you left. He has
arrested not only friend Thaddeus, but the gatekeeper, the housekeeper, and the
Indian servant. We have the place to ourselves, but for a sergeant upstairs.
Leave the dog here, and come up.”
We tied Toby to the hall table, and re-ascended the stairs. The room was as he
had left it, save that a sheet had been draped over the central figure. A
weary-looking police-sergeant reclined in the corner.
“Lend me your bull’s-eye, sergeant,” said my companion.
“Now tie this bit of card round my neck, so as to hang it in front of me.
Thank you. Now I must kick off my boots and stockings.—Just you carry
them down with you, Watson. I am going to do a little climbing. And dip my
handkerchief into the creasote. That will do. Now come up into the garret with
me for a moment.”
We clambered up through the hole. Holmes turned his light once more upon the
footsteps in the dust.
“I wish you particularly to notice these footmarks,” he said.
“Do you observe anything noteworthy about them?”
“They belong,” I said, “to a child or a small woman.”
“Apart from their size, though. Is there nothing else?”
“They appear to be much as other footmarks.”
“Not at all. Look here! This is the print of a right foot in the dust.
Now I make one with my naked foot beside it. What is the chief
“Your toes are all cramped together. The other print has each toe
“Quite so. That is the point. Bear that in mind. Now, would you kindly
step over to that flap-window and smell the edge of the wood-work? I shall stay
here, as I have this handkerchief in my hand.”
I did as he directed, and was instantly conscious of a strong tarry smell.
“That is where he put his foot in getting out. If you can trace
him, I should think that Toby will have no difficulty. Now run downstairs,
loose the dog, and look out for Blondin.”
By the time that I got out into the grounds Sherlock Holmes was on the roof,
and I could see him like an enormous glow-worm crawling very slowly along the
ridge. I lost sight of him behind a stack of chimneys, but he presently
reappeared, and then vanished once more upon the opposite side. When I made my
way round there I found him seated at one of the corner eaves.
“That you, Watson?” he cried.
“This is the place. What is that black thing down there?”
“Top on it?”
“No sign of a ladder?”
“Confound the fellow! It’s a most break-neck place. I ought to be
able to come down where he could climb up. The water-pipe feels pretty firm.
Here goes, anyhow.”
There was a scuffling of feet, and the lantern began to come steadily down the
side of the wall. Then with a light spring he came on to the barrel, and from
there to the earth.
“It was easy to follow him,” he said, drawing on his stockings and
boots. “Tiles were loosened the whole way along, and in his hurry he had
dropped this. It confirms my diagnosis, as you doctors express it.”
The object which he held up to me was a small pocket or pouch woven out of
coloured grasses and with a few tawdry beads strung round it. In shape and size
it was not unlike a cigarette-case. Inside were half a dozen spines of dark
wood, sharp at one end and rounded at the other, like that which had struck
“They are hellish things,” said he. “Look out that you
don’t prick yourself. I’m delighted to have them, for the chances
are that they are all he has. There is the less fear of you or me finding one
in our skin before long. I would sooner face a Martini bullet, myself. Are you
game for a six-mile trudge, Watson?”
“Certainly,” I answered.
“Your leg will stand it?”
“Here you are, doggy! Good old Toby! Smell it, Toby, smell it!” He
pushed the creasote handkerchief under the dog’s nose, while the creature
stood with its fluffy legs separated, and with a most comical cock to its head,
like a connoisseur sniffing the bouquet of a famous vintage. Holmes then
threw the handkerchief to a distance, fastened a stout cord to the
mongrel’s collar, and led him to the foot of the water-barrel. The
creature instantly broke into a succession of high, tremulous yelps, and, with
his nose on the ground, and his tail in the air, pattered off upon the trail at
a pace which strained his leash and kept us at the top of our speed.
The east had been gradually whitening, and we could now see some distance in
the cold grey light. The square, massive house, with its black, empty windows
and high, bare walls, towered up, sad and forlorn, behind us. Our course led
right across the grounds, in and out among the trenches and pits with which
they were scarred and intersected. The whole place, with its scattered
dirt-heaps and ill-grown shrubs, had a blighted, ill-omened look which
harmonized with the black tragedy which hung over it.
On reaching the boundary wall Toby ran along, whining eagerly, underneath its
shadow, and stopped finally in a corner screened by a young beech. Where the
two walls joined, several bricks had been loosened, and the crevices left were
worn down and rounded upon the lower side, as though they had frequently been
used as a ladder. Holmes clambered up, and, taking the dog from me, he dropped
it over upon the other side.
“There’s the print of wooden-leg’s hand,” he remarked,
as I mounted up beside him. “You see the slight smudge of blood upon the
white plaster. What a lucky thing it is that we have had no very heavy rain
since yesterday! The scent will lie upon the road in spite of their
eight-and-twenty hours’ start.”
I confess that I had my doubts myself when I reflected upon the great traffic
which had passed along the London road in the interval. My fears were soon
appeased, however. Toby never hesitated or swerved, but waddled on in his
peculiar rolling fashion. Clearly, the pungent smell of the creasote rose high
above all other contending scents.
“Do not imagine,” said Holmes, “that I depend for my success
in this case upon the mere chance of one of these fellows having put his foot
in the chemical. I have knowledge now which would enable me to trace them in
many different ways. This, however, is the readiest and, since fortune has put
it into our hands, I should be culpable if I neglected it. It has, however,
prevented the case from becoming the pretty little intellectual problem which
it at one time promised to be. There might have been some credit to be gained
out of it, but for this too palpable clue.”
“There is credit, and to spare,” said I. “I assure you,
Holmes, that I marvel at the means by which you obtain your results in this
case, even more than I did in the Jefferson Hope Murder. The thing seems to me
to be deeper and more inexplicable. How, for example, could you describe with
such confidence the wooden-legged man?”
“Pshaw, my dear boy! it was simplicity itself. I don’t wish to be
theatrical. It is all patent and above-board. Two officers who are in command
of a convict-guard learn an important secret as to buried treasure. A map is
drawn for them by an Englishman named Jonathan Small. You remember that we saw
the name upon the chart in Captain Morstan’s possession. He had signed it
in behalf of himself and his associates,—the sign of the four, as he
somewhat dramatically called it. Aided by this chart, the officers—or one
of them—gets the treasure and brings it to England, leaving, we will
suppose, some condition under which he received it unfulfilled. Now, then, why
did not Jonathan Small get the treasure himself? The answer is obvious. The
chart is dated at a time when Morstan was brought into close association with
convicts. Jonathan Small did not get the treasure because he and his associates
were themselves convicts and could not get away.”
“But that is mere speculation,” said I.
“It is more than that. It is the only hypothesis which covers the facts.
Let us see how it fits in with the sequel. Major Sholto remains at peace for
some years, happy in the possession of his treasure. Then he receives a letter
from India which gives him a great fright. What was that?”
“A letter to say that the men whom he had wronged had been set
“Or had escaped. That is much more likely, for he would have known what
their term of imprisonment was. It would not have been a surprise to him. What
does he do then? He guards himself against a wooden-legged man,—a white
man, mark you, for he mistakes a white tradesman for him, and actually fires a
pistol at him. Now, only one white man’s name is on the chart. The others
are Hindoos or Mohammedans. There is no other white man. Therefore we may say
with confidence that the wooden-legged man is identical with Jonathan Small.
Does the reasoning strike you as being faulty?”
“No: it is clear and concise.”
“Well, now, let us put ourselves in the place of Jonathan Small. Let us
look at it from his point of view. He comes to England with the double idea of
regaining what he would consider to be his rights and of having his revenge
upon the man who had wronged him. He found out where Sholto lived, and very
possibly he established communications with some one inside the house. There is
this butler, Lal Rao, whom we have not seen. Mrs. Bernstone gives him far from
a good character. Small could not find out, however, where the treasure was
hid, for no one ever knew, save the major and one faithful servant who had
died. Suddenly Small learns that the major is on his death-bed. In a frenzy
lest the secret of the treasure die with him, he runs the gauntlet of the
guards, makes his way to the dying man’s window, and is only deterred
from entering by the presence of his two sons. Mad with hate, however, against
the dead man, he enters the room that night, searches his private papers in the
hope of discovering some memorandum relating to the treasure, and finally
leaves a momento of his visit in the short inscription upon the card. He had
doubtless planned beforehand that should he slay the major he would leave some
such record upon the body as a sign that it was not a common murder, but, from
the point of view of the four associates, something in the nature of an act of
justice. Whimsical and bizarre conceits of this kind are common enough in the
annals of crime, and usually afford valuable indications as to the criminal. Do
you follow all this?”
“Now, what could Jonathan Small do? He could only continue to keep a
secret watch upon the efforts made to find the treasure. Possibly he leaves
England and only comes back at intervals. Then comes the discovery of the
garret, and he is instantly informed of it. We again trace the presence of some
confederate in the household. Jonathan, with his wooden leg, is utterly unable
to reach the lofty room of Bartholomew Sholto. He takes with him, however, a
rather curious associate, who gets over this difficulty, but dips his naked
foot into creasote, whence comes Toby, and a six-mile limp for a half-pay
officer with a damaged tendo Achillis.”
“But it was the associate, and not Jonathan, who committed the
“Quite so. And rather to Jonathan’s disgust, to judge by the way he
stamped about when he got into the room. He bore no grudge against Bartholomew
Sholto, and would have preferred if he could have been simply bound and gagged.
He did not wish to put his head in a halter. There was no help for it, however:
the savage instincts of his companion had broken out, and the poison had done
its work: so Jonathan Small left his record, lowered the treasure-box to the
ground, and followed it himself. That was the train of events as far as I can
decipher them. Of course as to his personal appearance he must be middle-aged,
and must be sunburned after serving his time in such an oven as the Andamans.
His height is readily calculated from the length of his stride, and we know
that he was bearded. His hairiness was the one point which impressed itself
upon Thaddeus Sholto when he saw him at the window. I don’t know that
there is anything else.”
“Ah, well, there is no great mystery in that. But you will know all about
it soon enough. How sweet the morning air is! See how that one little cloud
floats like a pink feather from some gigantic flamingo. Now the red rim of the
sun pushes itself over the London cloud-bank. It shines on a good many folk,
but on none, I dare bet, who are on a stranger errand than you and I. How small
we feel with our petty ambitions and strivings in the presence of the great
elemental forces of nature! Are you well up in your Jean Paul?”
“Fairly so. I worked back to him through Carlyle.”
“That was like following the brook to the parent lake. He makes one
curious but profound remark. It is that the chief proof of man’s real
greatness lies in his perception of his own smallness. It argues, you see, a
power of comparison and of appreciation which is in itself a proof of nobility.
There is much food for thought in Richter. You have not a pistol, have
“I have my stick.”
“It is just possible that we may need something of the sort if we get to
their lair. Jonathan I shall leave to you, but if the other turns nasty I shall
shoot him dead.” He took out his revolver as he spoke, and, having loaded
two of the chambers, he put it back into the right-hand pocket of his jacket.
We had during this time been following the guidance of Toby down the half-rural
villa-lined roads which lead to the metropolis. Now, however, we were beginning
to come among continuous streets, where labourers and dockmen were already
astir, and slatternly women were taking down shutters and brushing door-steps.
At the square-topped corner public houses business was just beginning, and
rough-looking men were emerging, rubbing their sleeves across their beards
after their morning wet. Strange dogs sauntered up and stared wonderingly at us
as we passed, but our inimitable Toby looked neither to the right nor to the
left, but trotted onwards with his nose to the ground and an occasional eager
whine which spoke of a hot scent.
We had traversed Streatham, Brixton, Camberwell, and now found ourselves in
Kennington Lane, having borne away through the side-streets to the east of the
Oval. The men whom we pursued seemed to have taken a curiously zigzag road,
with the idea probably of escaping observation. They had never kept to the main
road if a parallel side-street would serve their turn. At the foot of
Kennington Lane they had edged away to the left through Bond Street and Miles
Street. Where the latter street turns into Knight’s Place, Toby ceased to
advance, but began to run backwards and forwards with one ear cocked and the
other drooping, the very picture of canine indecision. Then he waddled round in
circles, looking up to us from time to time, as if to ask for sympathy in his
“What the deuce is the matter with the dog?” growled Holmes.
“They surely would not take a cab, or go off in a balloon.”
“Perhaps they stood here for some time,” I suggested.
“Ah! it’s all right. He’s off again,” said my
companion, in a tone of relief.
He was indeed off, for after sniffing round again he suddenly made up his mind,
and darted away with an energy and determination such as he had not yet shown.
The scent appeared to be much hotter than before, for he had not even to put
his nose on the ground, but tugged at his leash and tried to break into a run.
I cold see by the gleam in Holmes’s eyes that he thought we were nearing
the end of our journey.
Our course now ran down Nine Elms until we came to Broderick and Nelson’s
large timber-yard, just past the White Eagle tavern. Here the dog, frantic with
excitement, turned down through the side-gate into the enclosure, where the
sawyers were already at work. On the dog raced through sawdust and shavings,
down an alley, round a passage, between two wood-piles, and finally, with a
triumphant yelp, sprang upon a large barrel which still stood upon the
hand-trolley on which it had been brought. With lolling tongue and blinking
eyes, Toby stood upon the cask, looking from one to the other of us for some
sign of appreciation. The staves of the barrel and the wheels of the trolley
were smeared with a dark liquid, and the whole air was heavy with the smell of
Sherlock Holmes and I looked blankly at each other, and then burst
simultaneously into an uncontrollable fit of laughter.
“What now?” I asked. “Toby has lost his character for
“He acted according to his lights,” said Holmes, lifting him down
from the barrel and walking him out of the timber-yard. “If you consider
how much creasote is carted about London in one day, it is no great wonder that
our trail should have been crossed. It is much used now, especially for the
seasoning of wood. Poor Toby is not to blame.”
“We must get on the main scent again, I suppose.”
“Yes. And, fortunately, we have no distance to go. Evidently what puzzled
the dog at the corner of Knight’s Place was that there were two different
trails running in opposite directions. We took the wrong one. It only remains
to follow the other.”
There was no difficulty about this. On leading Toby to the place where he had
committed his fault, he cast about in a wide circle and finally dashed off in a
“We must take care that he does not now bring us to the place where the
creasote-barrel came from,” I observed.
“I had thought of that. But you notice that he keeps on the pavement,
whereas the barrel passed down the roadway. No, we are on the true scent
It tended down towards the river-side, running through Belmont Place and
Prince’s Street. At the end of Broad Street it ran right down to the
water’s edge, where there was a small wooden wharf. Toby led us to the
very edge of this, and there stood whining, looking out on the dark current
“We are out of luck,” said Holmes. “They have taken to a boat
here.” Several small punts and skiffs were lying about in the water and
on the edge of the wharf. We took Toby round to each in turn, but, though he
sniffed earnestly, he made no sign.
Close to the rude landing-stage was a small brick house, with a wooden placard
slung out through the second window. “Mordecai Smith” was printed
across it in large letters, and, underneath, “Boats to hire by the hour
or day.” A second inscription above the door informed us that a steam
launch was kept,—a statement which was confirmed by a great pile of coke
upon the jetty. Sherlock Holmes looked slowly round, and his face assumed an
“This looks bad,” said he. “These fellows are sharper than I
expected. They seem to have covered their tracks. There has, I fear, been
preconcerted management here.”
He was approaching the door of the house, when it opened, and a little,
curly-headed lad of six came running out, followed by a stoutish, red-faced
woman with a large sponge in her hand.
“You come back and be washed, Jack,” she shouted. “Come back,
you young imp; for if your father comes home and finds you like that,
he’ll let us hear of it.”
“Dear little chap!” said Holmes, strategically. “What a
rosy-cheeked young rascal! Now, Jack, is there anything you would like?”
The youth pondered for a moment. “I’d like a shillin’,”
“Nothing you would like better?”
“I’d like two shillin’ better,” the prodigy answered,
after some thought.
“Here you are, then! Catch!—A fine child, Mrs. Smith!”
“Lor’ bless you, sir, he is that, and forward. He gets a’most
too much for me to manage, ’specially when my man is away days at a
“Away, is he?” said Holmes, in a disappointed voice. “I am
sorry for that, for I wanted to speak to Mr. Smith.”
“He’s been away since yesterday mornin’, sir, and, truth to
tell, I am beginnin’ to feel frightened about him. But if it was about a
boat, sir, maybe I could serve as well.”
“I wanted to hire his steam launch.”
“Why, bless you, sir, it is in the steam launch that he has gone.
That’s what puzzles me; for I know there ain’t more coals in her
than would take her to about Woolwich and back. If he’d been away in the
barge I’d ha’ thought nothin’; for many a time a job has
taken him as far as Gravesend, and then if there was much doin’ there he
might ha’ stayed over. But what good is a steam launch without
“He might have bought some at a wharf down the river.”
“He might, sir, but it weren’t his way. Many a time I’ve
heard him call out at the prices they charge for a few odd bags. Besides, I
don’t like that wooden-legged man, wi’ his ugly face and outlandish
talk. What did he want always knockin’ about here for?”
“A wooden-legged man?” said Holmes, with bland surprise.
“Yes, sir, a brown, monkey-faced chap that’s called more’n
once for my old man. It was him that roused him up yesternight, and,
what’s more, my man knew he was comin’, for he had steam up in the
launch. I tell you straight, sir, I don’t feel easy in my mind about
“But, my dear Mrs. Smith,” said Holmes, shrugging his shoulders,
“You are frightening yourself about nothing. How could you possibly tell
that it was the wooden-legged man who came in the night? I don’t quite
understand how you can be so sure.”
“His voice, sir. I knew his voice, which is kind o’ thick and
foggy. He tapped at the winder,—about three it would be. ‘Show a
leg, matey,’ says he: ‘time to turn out guard.’ My old man
woke up Jim,—that’s my eldest,—and away they went, without so
much as a word to me. I could hear the wooden leg clackin’ on the
“And was this wooden-legged man alone?”
“Couldn’t say, I am sure, sir. I didn’t hear no one
“I am sorry, Mrs. Smith, for I wanted a steam launch, and I have heard
good reports of the—Let me see, what is her name?”
“The Aurora, sir.”
“Ah! She’s not that old green launch with a yellow line, very broad
in the beam?”
“No, indeed. She’s as trim a little thing as any on the river.
She’s been fresh painted, black with two red streaks.”
“Thanks. I hope that you will hear soon from Mr. Smith. I am going down
the river; and if I should see anything of the Aurora I shall let him
know that you are uneasy. A black funnel, you say?”
“No, sir. Black with a white band.”
“Ah, of course. It was the sides which were black. Good-morning, Mrs.
Smith.—There is a boatman here with a wherry, Watson. We shall take it
and cross the river.
“The main thing with people of that sort,” said Holmes, as we sat
in the sheets of the wherry, “is never to let them think that their
information can be of the slightest importance to you. If you do, they will
instantly shut up like an oyster. If you listen to them under protest, as it
were, you are very likely to get what you want.”
“Our course now seems pretty clear,” said I.
“What would you do, then?”
“I would engage a launch and go down the river on the track of the
“My dear fellow, it would be a colossal task. She may have touched at any
wharf on either side of the stream between here and Greenwich. Below the bridge
there is a perfect labyrinth of landing-places for miles. It would take you
days and days to exhaust them, if you set about it alone.”
“Employ the police, then.”
“No. I shall probably call Athelney Jones in at the last moment. He is
not a bad fellow, and I should not like to do anything which would injure him
professionally. But I have a fancy for working it out myself, now that we have
gone so far.”
“Could we advertise, then, asking for information from
“Worse and worse! Our men would know that the chase was hot at their
heels, and they would be off out of the country. As it is, they are likely
enough to leave, but as long as they think they are perfectly safe they will be
in no hurry. Jones’s energy will be of use to us there, for his view of
the case is sure to push itself into the daily press, and the runaways will
think that every one is off on the wrong scent.”
“What are we to do, then?” I asked, as we landed near Millbank
“Take this hansom, drive home, have some breakfast, and get an
hour’s sleep. It is quite on the cards that we may be afoot to-night
again. Stop at a telegraph-office, cabby! We will keep Toby, for he may be of
use to us yet.”
We pulled up at the Great Peter Street post-office, and Holmes despatched his
wire. “Whom do you think that is to?” he asked, as we resumed our
“I am sure I don’t know.”
“You remember the Baker Street division of the detective police force
whom I employed in the Jefferson Hope case?”
“Well,” said I, laughing.
“This is just the case where they might be invaluable. If they fail, I
have other resources; but I shall try them first. That wire was to my dirty
little lieutenant, Wiggins, and I expect that he and his gang will be with us
before we have finished our breakfast.”
It was between eight and nine o’clock now, and I was conscious of a
strong reaction after the successive excitements of the night. I was limp and
weary, befogged in mind and fatigued in body. I had not the professional
enthusiasm which carried my companion on, nor could I look at the matter as a
mere abstract intellectual problem. As far as the death of Bartholomew Sholto
went, I had heard little good of him, and could feel no intense antipathy to
his murderers. The treasure, however, was a different matter. That, or part of
it, belonged rightfully to Miss Morstan. While there was a chance of recovering
it I was ready to devote my life to the one object. True, if I found it it
would probably put her forever beyond my reach. Yet it would be a petty and
selfish love which would be influenced by such a thought as that. If Holmes
could work to find the criminals, I had a tenfold stronger reason to urge me on
to find the treasure.
A bath at Baker Street and a complete change freshened me up wonderfully. When
I came down to our room I found the breakfast laid and Homes pouring out the
“Here it is,” said he, laughing, and pointing to an open newspaper.
“The energetic Jones and the ubiquitous reporter have fixed it up between
them. But you have had enough of the case. Better have your ham and eggs
I took the paper from him and read the short notice, which was headed
“Mysterious Business at Upper Norwood.”
“About twelve o’clock last night,” said the Standard,
“Mr. Bartholomew Sholto, of Pondicherry Lodge, Upper Norwood, was found
dead in his room under circumstances which point to foul play. As far as we can
learn, no actual traces of violence were found upon Mr. Sholto’s person,
but a valuable collection of Indian gems which the deceased gentleman had
inherited from his father has been carried off. The discovery was first made by
Mr. Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson, who had called at the house with Mr.
Thaddeus Sholto, brother of the deceased. By a singular piece of good fortune,
Mr. Athelney Jones, the well-known member of the detective police force,
happened to be at the Norwood Police Station, and was on the ground within half
an hour of the first alarm. His trained and experienced faculties were at once
directed towards the detection of the criminals, with the gratifying result
that the brother, Thaddeus Sholto, has already been arrested, together with the
housekeeper, Mrs. Bernstone, an Indian butler named Lal Rao, and a porter, or
gatekeeper, named McMurdo. It is quite certain that the thief or thieves were
well acquainted with the house, for Mr. Jones’s well-known technical
knowledge and his powers of minute observation have enabled him to prove
conclusively that the miscreants could not have entered by the door or by the
window, but must have made their way across the roof of the building, and so
through a trap-door into a room which communicated with that in which the body
was found. This fact, which has been very clearly made out, proves conclusively
that it was no mere haphazard burglary. The prompt and energetic action of the
officers of the law shows the great advantage of the presence on such occasions
of a single vigorous and masterful mind. We cannot but think that it supplies
an argument to those who would wish to see our detectives more decentralised,
and so brought into closer and more effective touch with the cases which it is
their duty to investigate.”
“Isn’t it gorgeous!” said Holmes, grinning over his
coffee-cup. “What do you think of it?”
“I think that we have had a close shave ourselves of being arrested for
“So do I. I wouldn’t answer for our safety now, if he should happen
to have another of his attacks of energy.”
At this moment there was a loud ring at the bell, and I could hear Mrs. Hudson,
our landlady, raising her voice in a wail of expostulation and dismay.
“By heaven, Holmes,” I said, half rising, “I believe that
they are really after us.”
“No, it’s not quite so bad as that. It is the unofficial
force,—the Baker Street irregulars.”
As he spoke, there came a swift pattering of naked feet upon the stairs, a
clatter of high voices, and in rushed a dozen dirty and ragged little
street-Arabs. There was some show of discipline among them, despite their
tumultuous entry, for they instantly drew up in line and stood facing us with
expectant faces. One of their number, taller and older than the others, stood
forward with an air of lounging superiority which was very funny in such a
disreputable little scarecrow.
“Got your message, sir,” said he, “and brought ’em on
sharp. Three bob and a tanner for tickets.”
“Here you are,” said Holmes, producing some silver. “In
future they can report to you, Wiggins, and you to me. I cannot have the house
invaded in this way. However, it is just as well that you should all hear the
instructions. I want to find the whereabouts of a steam launch called the
Aurora, owner Mordecai Smith, black with two red streaks, funnel black
with a white band. She is down the river somewhere. I want one boy to be at
Mordecai Smith’s landing-stage opposite Millbank to say if the boat comes
back. You must divide it out among yourselves, and do both banks thoroughly.
Let me know the moment you have news. Is that all clear?”
“Yes, guv’nor,” said Wiggins.
“The old scale of pay, and a guinea to the boy who finds the boat.
Here’s a day in advance. Now off you go!” He handed them a shilling
each, and away they buzzed down the stairs, and I saw them a moment later
streaming down the street.
“If the launch is above water they will find her,” said Holmes, as
he rose from the table and lit his pipe. “They can go everywhere, see
everything, overhear every one. I expect to hear before evening that they have
spotted her. In the meanwhile, we can do nothing but await results. We cannot
pick up the broken trail until we find either the Aurora or Mr. Mordecai
“Toby could eat these scraps, I dare say. Are you going to bed,
“No; I am not tired. I have a curious constitution. I never remember
feeling tired by work, though idleness exhausts me completely. I am going to
smoke and to think over this queer business to which my fair client has
introduced us. If ever man had an easy task, this of ours ought to be.
Wooden-legged men are not so common, but the other man must, I should think, be
“That other man again!”
“I have no wish to make a mystery of him,—to you, anyway. But you
must have formed your own opinion. Now, do consider the data. Diminutive
footmarks, toes never fettered by boots, naked feet, stone-headed wooden mace,
great agility, small poisoned darts. What do you make of all this?”
“A savage!” I exclaimed. “Perhaps one of those Indians who
were the associates of Jonathan Small.”
“Hardly that,” said he. “When first I saw signs of strange
weapons I was inclined to think so; but the remarkable character of the
footmarks caused me to reconsider my views. Some of the inhabitants of the
Indian Peninsula are small men, but none could have left such marks as that.
The Hindoo proper has long and thin feet. The sandal-wearing Mohammedan has the
great toe well separated from the others, because the thong is commonly passed
between. These little darts, too, could only be shot in one way. They are from
a blow-pipe. Now, then, where are we to find our savage?”
“South American,” I hazarded.
He stretched his hand up, and took down a bulky volume from the shelf.
“This is the first volume of a gazetteer which is now being published. It
may be looked upon as the very latest authority. What have we here?
‘Andaman Islands, situated 340 miles to the north of Sumatra, in the Bay
of Bengal.’ Hum! hum! What’s all this? Moist climate, coral reefs,
sharks, Port Blair, convict-barracks, Rutland Island, cottonwoods—Ah,
here we are. ‘The aborigines of the Andaman Islands may perhaps claim the
distinction of being the smallest race upon this earth, though some
anthropologists prefer the Bushmen of Africa, the Digger Indians of America,
and the Terra del Fuegians. The average height is rather below four feet,
although many full-grown adults may be found who are very much smaller than
this. They are a fierce, morose, and intractable people, though capable of
forming most devoted friendships when their confidence has once been
gained.’ Mark that, Watson. Now, then, listen to this. ‘They are
naturally hideous, having large, misshapen heads, small, fierce eyes, and
distorted features. Their feet and hands, however, are remarkably small. So
intractable and fierce are they that all the efforts of the British official
have failed to win them over in any degree. They have always been a terror to
shipwrecked crews, braining the survivors with their stone-headed clubs, or
shooting them with their poisoned arrows. These massacres are invariably
concluded by a cannibal feast.’ Nice, amiable people, Watson! If this
fellow had been left to his own unaided devices this affair might have taken an
even more ghastly turn. I fancy that, even as it is, Jonathan Small would give
a good deal not to have employed him.”
“But how came he to have so singular a companion?”
“Ah, that is more than I can tell. Since, however, we had already
determined that Small had come from the Andamans, it is not so very wonderful
that this islander should be with him. No doubt we shall know all about it in
time. Look here, Watson; you look regularly done. Lie down there on the sofa,
and see if I can put you to sleep.”
He took up his violin from the corner, and as I stretched myself out he began
to play some low, dreamy, melodious air,—his own, no doubt, for he had a
remarkable gift for improvisation. I have a vague remembrance of his gaunt
limbs, his earnest face, and the rise and fall of his bow. Then I seemed to be
floated peacefully away upon a soft sea of sound, until I found myself in
dreamland, with the sweet face of Mary Morstan looking down upon me.
It was late in the afternoon before I woke, strengthened and refreshed.
Sherlock Holmes still sat exactly as I had left him, save that he had laid
aside his violin and was deep in a book. He looked across at me, as I stirred,
and I noticed that his face was dark and troubled.
“You have slept soundly,” he said. “I feared that our talk
would wake you.”
“I heard nothing,” I answered. “Have you had fresh news,
“Unfortunately, no. I confess that I am surprised and disappointed. I
expected something definite by this time. Wiggins has just been up to report.
He says that no trace can be found of the launch. It is a provoking check, for
every hour is of importance.”
“Can I do anything? I am perfectly fresh now, and quite ready for another
“No, we can do nothing. We can only wait. If we go ourselves, the message
might come in our absence, and delay be caused. You can do what you will, but I
must remain on guard.”
“Then I shall run over to Camberwell and call upon Mrs. Cecil Forrester.
She asked me to, yesterday.”
“On Mrs. Cecil Forrester?” asked Holmes, with the twinkle of a
smile in his eyes.
“Well, of course Miss Morstan too. They were anxious to hear what
“I would not tell them too much,” said Holmes. “Women are
never to be entirely trusted,—not the best of them.”
I did not pause to argue over this atrocious sentiment. “I shall be back
in an hour or two,” I remarked.
“All right! Good luck! But, I say, if you are crossing the river you may
as well return Toby, for I don’t think it is at all likely that we shall
have any use for him now.”
I took our mongrel accordingly, and left him, together with a half-sovereign,
at the old naturalist’s in Pinchin Lane. At Camberwell I found Miss
Morstan a little weary after her night’s adventures, but very eager to
hear the news. Mrs. Forrester, too, was full of curiosity. I told them all that
we had done, suppressing, however, the more dreadful parts of the tragedy.
Thus, although I spoke of Mr. Sholto’s death, I said nothing of the exact
manner and method of it. With all my omissions, however, there was enough to
startle and amaze them.
“It is a romance!” cried Mrs. Forrester. “An injured lady,
half a million in treasure, a black cannibal, and a wooden-legged ruffian. They
take the place of the conventional dragon or wicked earl.”
“And two knight-errants to the rescue,” added Miss Morstan, with a
bright glance at me.
“Why, Mary, your fortune depends upon the issue of this search. I
don’t think that you are nearly excited enough. Just imagine what it must
be to be so rich, and to have the world at your feet!”
It sent a little thrill of joy to my heart to notice that she showed no sign of
elation at the prospect. On the contrary, she gave a toss of her proud head, as
though the matter were one in which she took small interest.
“It is for Mr. Thaddeus Sholto that I am anxious,” she said.
“Nothing else is of any consequence; but I think that he has behaved most
kindly and honourably throughout. It is our duty to clear him of this dreadful
and unfounded charge.”
It was evening before I left Camberwell, and quite dark by the time I reached
home. My companion’s book and pipe lay by his chair, but he had
disappeared. I looked about in the hope of seeing a note, but there was none.
“I suppose that Mr. Sherlock Holmes has gone out,” I said to Mrs.
Hudson as she came up to lower the blinds.
“No, sir. He has gone to his room, sir. Do you know, sir,” sinking
her voice into an impressive whisper, “I am afraid for his health?”
“Why so, Mrs. Hudson?”
“Well, he’s that strange, sir. After you was gone he walked and he
walked, up and down, and up and down, until I was weary of the sound of his
footstep. Then I heard him talking to himself and muttering, and every time the
bell rang out he came on the stairhead, with ‘What is that, Mrs.
Hudson?’ And now he has slammed off to his room, but I can hear him
walking away the same as ever. I hope he’s not going to be ill, sir. I
ventured to say something to him about cooling medicine, but he turned on me,
sir, with such a look that I don’t know how ever I got out of the
“I don’t think that you have any cause to be uneasy, Mrs.
Hudson,” I answered. “I have seen him like this before. He has some
small matter upon his mind which makes him restless.” I tried to speak
lightly to our worthy landlady, but I was myself somewhat uneasy when through
the long night I still from time to time heard the dull sound of his tread, and
knew how his keen spirit was chafing against this involuntary inaction.
At breakfast-time he looked worn and haggard, with a little fleck of feverish
colour upon either cheek.
“You are knocking yourself up, old man,” I remarked. “I heard
you marching about in the night.”
“No, I could not sleep,” he answered. “This infernal problem
is consuming me. It is too much to be balked by so petty an obstacle, when all
else had been overcome. I know the men, the launch, everything; and yet I can
get no news. I have set other agencies at work, and used every means at my
disposal. The whole river has been searched on either side, but there is no
news, nor has Mrs. Smith heard of her husband. I shall come to the conclusion
soon that they have scuttled the craft. But there are objections to
“Or that Mrs. Smith has put us on a wrong scent.”
“No, I think that may be dismissed. I had inquiries made, and there is a
launch of that description.”
“Could it have gone up the river?”
“I have considered that possibility too, and there is a search-party who
will work up as far as Richmond. If no news comes to-day, I shall start off
myself to-morrow, and go for the men rather than the boat. But surely, surely,
we shall hear something.”
We did not, however. Not a word came to us either from Wiggins or from the
other agencies. There were articles in most of the papers upon the Norwood
tragedy. They all appeared to be rather hostile to the unfortunate Thaddeus
Sholto. No fresh details were to be found, however, in any of them, save that
an inquest was to be held upon the following day. I walked over to Camberwell
in the evening to report our ill success to the ladies, and on my return I
found Holmes dejected and somewhat morose. He would hardly reply to my
questions, and busied himself all evening in an abstruse chemical analysis
which involved much heating of retorts and distilling of vapours, ending at
last in a smell which fairly drove me out of the apartment. Up to the small
hours of the morning I could hear the clinking of his test-tubes which told me
that he was still engaged in his malodorous experiment.
In the early dawn I woke with a start, and was surprised to find him standing
by my bedside, clad in a rude sailor dress with a pea-jacket, and a coarse red
scarf round his neck.
“I am off down the river, Watson,” said he. “I have been
turning it over in my mind, and I can see only one way out of it. It is worth
trying, at all events.”
“Surely I can come with you, then?” said I.
“No; you can be much more useful if you will remain here as my
representative. I am loath to go, for it is quite on the cards that some
message may come during the day, though Wiggins was despondent about it last
night. I want you to open all notes and telegrams, and to act on your own
judgment if any news should come. Can I rely upon you?”
“I am afraid that you will not be able to wire to me, for I can hardly
tell yet where I may find myself. If I am in luck, however, I may not be gone
so very long. I shall have news of some sort or other before I get back.”
I had heard nothing of him by breakfast-time. On opening the Standard,
however, I found that there was a fresh allusion to the business. “With
reference to the Upper Norwood tragedy,” it remarked, “we have
reason to believe that the matter promises to be even more complex and
mysterious than was originally supposed. Fresh evidence has shown that it is
quite impossible that Mr. Thaddeus Sholto could have been in any way concerned
in the matter. He and the housekeeper, Mrs. Bernstone, were both released
yesterday evening. It is believed, however, that the police have a clue as to
the real culprits, and that it is being prosecuted by Mr. Athelney Jones, of
Scotland Yard, with all his well-known energy and sagacity. Further arrests may
be expected at any moment.”
“That is satisfactory so far as it goes,” thought I. “Friend
Sholto is safe, at any rate. I wonder what the fresh clue may be; though it
seems to be a stereotyped form whenever the police have made a blunder.”
I tossed the paper down upon the table, but at that moment my eye caught an
advertisement in the agony column. It ran in this way:
“Lost.—Whereas Mordecai Smith, boatman, and his son, Jim, left
Smith’s Wharf at or about three o’clock last Tuesday morning in the
steam launch Aurora, black with two red stripes, funnel black with a
white band, the sum of five pounds will be paid to any one who can give
information to Mrs. Smith, at Smith’s Wharf, or at 221b Baker
Street, as to the whereabouts of the said Mordecai Smith and the launch
This was clearly Holmes’s doing. The Baker Street address was enough to
prove that. It struck me as rather ingenious, because it might be read by the
fugitives without their seeing in it more than the natural anxiety of a wife
for her missing husband.
It was a long day. Every time that a knock came to the door, or a sharp step
passed in the street, I imagined that it was either Holmes returning or an
answer to his advertisement. I tried to read, but my thoughts would wander off
to our strange quest and to the ill-assorted and villainous pair whom we were
pursuing. Could there be, I wondered, some radical flaw in my companion’s
reasoning. Might he be suffering from some huge self-deception? Was it not
possible that his nimble and speculative mind had built up this wild theory
upon faulty premises? I had never known him to be wrong; and yet the keenest
reasoner may occasionally be deceived. He was likely, I thought, to fall into
error through the over-refinement of his logic,—his preference for a
subtle and bizarre explanation when a plainer and more commonplace one lay
ready to his hand. Yet, on the other hand, I had myself seen the evidence, and
I had heard the reasons for his deductions. When I looked back on the long
chain of curious circumstances, many of them trivial in themselves, but all
tending in the same direction, I could not disguise from myself that even if
Holmes’s explanation were incorrect the true theory must be equally
outré and startling.
At three o’clock in the afternoon there was a loud peal at the bell, an
authoritative voice in the hall, and, to my surprise, no less a person than Mr.
Athelney Jones was shown up to me. Very different was he, however, from the
brusque and masterful professor of common sense who had taken over the case so
confidently at Upper Norwood. His expression was downcast, and his bearing meek
and even apologetic.
“Good-day, sir; good-day,” said he. “Mr. Sherlock Holmes is
out, I understand.”
“Yes, and I cannot be sure when he will be back. But perhaps you would
care to wait. Take that chair and try one of these cigars.”
“Thank you; I don’t mind if I do,” said he, mopping his face
with a red bandanna handkerchief.
“And a whiskey-and-soda?”
“Well, half a glass. It is very hot for the time of year; and I have had
a good deal to worry and try me. You know my theory about this Norwood
“I remember that you expressed one.”
“Well, I have been obliged to reconsider it. I had my net drawn tightly
round Mr. Sholto, sir, when pop he went through a hole in the middle of it. He
was able to prove an alibi which could not be shaken. From the time that he
left his brother’s room he was never out of sight of some one or other.
So it could not be he who climbed over roofs and through trap-doors. It’s
a very dark case, and my professional credit is at stake. I should be very glad
of a little assistance.”
“We all need help sometimes,” said I.
“Your friend Mr. Sherlock Holmes is a wonderful man, sir,” said he,
in a husky and confidential voice. “He’s a man who is not to be
beat. I have known that young man go into a good many cases, but I never saw
the case yet that he could not throw a light upon. He is irregular in his
methods, and a little quick perhaps in jumping at theories, but, on the whole,
I think he would have made a most promising officer, and I don’t care who
knows it. I have had a wire from him this morning, by which I understand that
he has got some clue to this Sholto business. Here is the message.”
He took the telegram out of his pocket, and handed it to me. It was dated from
Poplar at twelve o’clock. “Go to Baker Street at once,” it
said. “If I have not returned, wait for me. I am close on the track of
the Sholto gang. You can come with us to-night if you want to be in at the
“This sounds well. He has evidently picked up the scent again,”
“Ah, then he has been at fault too,” exclaimed Jones, with evident
satisfaction. “Even the best of us are thrown off sometimes. Of course
this may prove to be a false alarm; but it is my duty as an officer of the law
to allow no chance to slip. But there is some one at the door. Perhaps this is
A heavy step was heard ascending the stair, with a great wheezing and rattling
as from a man who was sorely put to it for breath. Once or twice he stopped, as
though the climb were too much for him, but at last he made his way to our door
and entered. His appearance corresponded to the sounds which we had heard. He
was an aged man, clad in seafaring garb, with an old pea-jacket buttoned up to
his throat. His back was bowed, his knees were shaky, and his breathing was
painfully asthmatic. As he leaned upon a thick oaken cudgel his shoulders
heaved in the effort to draw the air into his lungs. He had a coloured scarf
round his chin, and I could see little of his face save a pair of keen dark
eyes, overhung by bushy white brows, and long grey side-whiskers. Altogether he
gave me the impression of a respectable master mariner who had fallen into
years and poverty.
“What is it, my man?” I asked.
He looked about him in the slow methodical fashion of old age.
“Is Mr. Sherlock Holmes here?” said he.
“No; but I am acting for him. You can tell me any message you have for
“It was to him himself I was to tell it,” said he.
“But I tell you that I am acting for him. Was it about Mordecai
“Yes. I knows well where it is. An’ I knows where the men he is
after are. An’ I knows where the treasure is. I knows all about
“Then tell me, and I shall let him know.”
“It was to him I was to tell it,” he repeated, with the petulant
obstinacy of a very old man.
“Well, you must wait for him.”
“No, no; I ain’t goin’ to lose a whole day to please no one.
If Mr. Holmes ain’t here, then Mr. Holmes must find it all out for
himself. I don’t care about the look of either of you, and I won’t
tell a word.”
He shuffled towards the door, but Athelney Jones got in front of him.
“Wait a bit, my friend,” said he. “You have important
information, and you must not walk off. We shall keep you, whether you like or
not, until our friend returns.”
The old man made a little run towards the door, but, as Athelney Jones put his
broad back up against it, he recognised the uselessness of resistance.
“Pretty sort o’ treatment this!” he cried, stamping his
stick. “I come here to see a gentleman, and you two, who I never saw in
my life, seize me and treat me in this fashion!”
“You will be none the worse,” I said. “We shall recompense
you for the loss of your time. Sit over here on the sofa, and you will not have
long to wait.”
He came across sullenly enough, and seated himself with his face resting on his
hands. Jones and I resumed our cigars and our talk. Suddenly, however,
Holmes’s voice broke in upon us.
“I think that you might offer me a cigar too,” he said.
We both started in our chairs. There was Holmes sitting close to us with an air
of quiet amusement.
“Holmes!” I exclaimed. “You here! But where is the old
“Here is the old man,” said he, holding out a heap of white hair.
“Here he is,—wig, whiskers, eyebrows, and all. I thought my
disguise was pretty good, but I hardly expected that it would stand that
“Ah, You rogue!” cried Jones, highly delighted. “You would
have made an actor, and a rare one. You had the proper workhouse cough, and
those weak legs of yours are worth ten pounds a week. I thought I knew the
glint of your eye, though. You didn’t get away from us so easily, You
“I have been working in that get-up all day,” said he, lighting his
cigar. “You see, a good many of the criminal classes begin to know
me,—especially since our friend here took to publishing some of my cases:
so I can only go on the war-path under some simple disguise like this. You got
“Yes; that was what brought me here.”
“How has your case prospered?”
“It has all come to nothing. I have had to release two of my prisoners,
and there is no evidence against the other two.”
“Never mind. We shall give you two others in the place of them. But you
must put yourself under my orders. You are welcome to all the official credit,
but you must act on the line that I point out. Is that agreed?”
“Entirely, if you will help me to the men.”
“Well, then, in the first place I shall want a fast police-boat—a
steam launch—to be at the Westminster Stairs at seven
“That is easily managed. There is always one about there; but I can step
across the road and telephone to make sure.”
“Then I shall want two stanch men, in case of resistance.”
“There will be two or three in the boat. What else?”
“When we secure the men we shall get the treasure. I think that it would
be a pleasure to my friend here to take the box round to the young lady to whom
half of it rightfully belongs. Let her be the first to open it.—Eh,
“It would be a great pleasure to me.”
“Rather an irregular proceeding,” said Jones, shaking his head.
“However, the whole thing is irregular, and I suppose we must wink at it.
The treasure must afterwards be handed over to the authorities until after the
“Certainly. That is easily managed. One other point. I should much like
to have a few details about this matter from the lips of Jonathan Small
himself. You know I like to work the detail of my cases out. There is no
objection to my having an unofficial interview with him, either here in my
rooms or elsewhere, as long as he is efficiently guarded?”
“Well, you are master of the situation. I have had no proof yet of the
existence of this Jonathan Small. However, if you can catch him I don’t
see how I can refuse you an interview with him.”
“That is understood, then?”
“Perfectly. Is there anything else?”
“Only that I insist upon your dining with us. It will be ready in half an
hour. I have oysters and a brace of grouse, with something a little choice in
white wines.—Watson, you have never yet recognised my merits as a
Our meal was a merry one. Holmes could talk exceedingly well when he chose, and
that night he did choose. He appeared to be in a state of nervous exaltation. I
have never known him so brilliant. He spoke on a quick succession of
subjects,—on miracle-plays, on mediæval pottery, on Stradivarius violins,
on the Buddhism of Ceylon, and on the war-ships of the future,—handling
each as though he had made a special study of it. His bright humour marked the
reaction from his black depression of the preceding days. Athelney Jones proved
to be a sociable soul in his hours of relaxation, and faced his dinner with the
air of a bon vivant. For myself, I felt elated at the thought that we
were nearing the end of our task, and I caught something of Holmes’s
gaiety. None of us alluded during dinner to the cause which had brought us
When the cloth was cleared, Holmes glanced at his watch, and filled up three
glasses with port. “One bumper,” said he, “to the success of
our little expedition. And now it is high time we were off. Have you a pistol,
“I have my old service-revolver in my desk.”
“You had best take it, then. It is well to be prepared. I see that the
cab is at the door. I ordered it for half-past six.”
It was a little past seven before we reached the Westminster wharf, and found
our launch awaiting us. Holmes eyed it critically.
“Is there anything to mark it as a police-boat?”
“Yes,—that green lamp at the side.”
“Then take it off.”
The small change was made, we stepped on board, and the ropes were cast off.
Jones, Holmes, and I sat in the stern. There was one man at the rudder, one to
tend the engines, and two burly police-inspectors forward.
“Where to?” asked Jones.
“To the Tower. Tell them to stop opposite Jacobson’s Yard.”
Our craft was evidently a very fast one. We shot past the long lines of loaded
barges as though they were stationary. Holmes smiled with satisfaction as we
overhauled a river steamer and left her behind us.
“We ought to be able to catch anything on the river,” he said.
“Well, hardly that. But there are not many launches to beat us.”
“We shall have to catch the Aurora, and she has a name for being a
clipper. I will tell you how the land lies, Watson. You recollect how annoyed I
was at being balked by so small a thing?”
“Well, I gave my mind a thorough rest by plunging into a chemical
analysis. One of our greatest statesmen has said that a change of work is the
best rest. So it is. When I had succeeded in dissolving the hydrocarbon which I
was at work at, I came back to our problem of the Sholtos, and thought the
whole matter out again. My boys had been up the river and down the river
without result. The launch was not at any landing-stage or wharf, nor had it
returned. Yet it could hardly have been scuttled to hide their
traces,—though that always remained as a possible hypothesis if all else
failed. I knew this man Small had a certain degree of low cunning, but I did
not think him capable of anything in the nature of delicate finesse. That is
usually a product of higher education. I then reflected that since he had
certainly been in London some time—as we had evidence that he maintained
a continual watch over Pondicherry Lodge—he could hardly leave at a
moment’s notice, but would need some little time, if it were only a day,
to arrange his affairs. That was the balance of probability, at any
“It seems to me to be a little weak,” said I. “It is more
probable that he had arranged his affairs before ever he set out upon his
“No, I hardly think so. This lair of his would be too valuable a retreat
in case of need for him to give it up until he was sure that he could do
without it. But a second consideration struck me. Jonathan Small must have felt
that the peculiar appearance of his companion, however much he may have
top-coated him, would give rise to gossip, and possibly be associated with this
Norwood tragedy. He was quite sharp enough to see that. They had started from
their head-quarters under cover of darkness, and he would wish to get back
before it was broad light. Now, it was past three o’clock, according to
Mrs. Smith, when they got the boat. It would be quite bright, and people would
be about in an hour or so. Therefore, I argued, they did not go very far. They
paid Smith well to hold his tongue, reserved his launch for the final escape,
and hurried to their lodgings with the treasure-box. In a couple of nights,
when they had time to see what view the papers took, and whether there was any
suspicion, they would make their way under cover of darkness to some ship at
Gravesend or in the Downs, where no doubt they had already arranged for
passages to America or the Colonies.”
“But the launch? They could not have taken that to their lodgings.”
“Quite so. I argued that the launch must be no great way off, in spite of
its invisibility. I then put myself in the place of Small, and looked at it as
a man of his capacity would. He would probably consider that to send back the
launch or to keep it at a wharf would make pursuit easy if the police did
happen to get on his track. How, then, could he conceal the launch and yet have
her at hand when wanted? I wondered what I should do myself if I were in his
shoes. I could only think of one way of doing it. I might land the launch over
to some boat-builder or repairer, with directions to make a trifling change in
her. She would then be removed to his shed or yard, and so be effectually
concealed, while at the same time I could have her at a few hours’
“That seems simple enough.”
“It is just these very simple things which are extremely liable to be
overlooked. However, I determined to act on the idea. I started at once in this
harmless seaman’s rig and inquired at all the yards down the river. I
drew blank at fifteen, but at the sixteenth—Jacobson’s—I
learned that the Aurora had been handed over to them two days ago by a
wooden-legged man, with some trivial directions as to her rudder. ‘There
ain’t naught amiss with her rudder,’ said the foreman. ‘There
she lies, with the red streaks.’ At that moment who should come down but
Mordecai Smith, the missing owner? He was rather the worse for liquor. I should
not, of course, have known him, but he bellowed out his name and the name of
his launch. ‘I want her to-night at eight o’clock,’ said
he,—‘eight o’clock sharp, mind, for I have two gentlemen who
won’t be kept waiting.’ They had evidently paid him well, for he
was very flush of money, chucking shillings about to the men. I followed him
some distance, but he subsided into an ale-house: so I went back to the yard,
and, happening to pick up one of my boys on the way, I stationed him as a
sentry over the launch. He is to stand at water’s edge and wave his
handkerchief to us when they start. We shall be lying off in the stream, and it
will be a strange thing if we do not take men, treasure, and all.”
“You have planned it all very neatly, whether they are the right men or
not,” said Jones; “but if the affair were in my hands I should have
had a body of police in Jacobson’s Yard, and arrested them when they came
“Which would have been never. This man Small is a pretty shrewd fellow.
He would send a scout on ahead, and if anything made him suspicious lie snug
for another week.”
“But you might have stuck to Mordecai Smith, and so been led to their
hiding-place,” said I.
“In that case I should have wasted my day. I think that it is a hundred
to one against Smith knowing where they live. As long as he has liquor and good
pay, why should he ask questions? They send him messages what to do. No, I
thought over every possible course, and this is the best.”
While this conversation had been proceeding, we had been shooting the long
series of bridges which span the Thames. As we passed the City the last rays of
the sun were gilding the cross upon the summit of St. Paul’s. It was
twilight before we reached the Tower.
“That is Jacobson’s Yard,” said Holmes, pointing to a bristle
of masts and rigging on the Surrey side. “Cruise gently up and down here
under cover of this string of lighters.” He took a pair of night-glasses
from his pocket and gazed some time at the shore. “I see my sentry at his
post,” he remarked, “but no sign of a handkerchief.”
“Suppose we go down-stream a short way and lie in wait for them,”
said Jones, eagerly. We were all eager by this time, even the policemen and
stokers, who had a very vague idea of what was going forward.
“We have no right to take anything for granted,” Holmes answered.
“It is certainly ten to one that they go down-stream, but we cannot be
certain. From this point we can see the entrance of the yard, and they can
hardly see us. It will be a clear night and plenty of light. We must stay where
we are. See how the folk swarm over yonder in the gaslight.”
“They are coming from work in the yard.”
“Dirty-looking rascals, but I suppose every one has some little immortal
spark concealed about him. You would not think it, to look at them. There is no
a priori probability about it. A strange enigma is man!”
“Some one calls him a soul concealed in an animal,” I suggested.
“Winwood Reade is good upon the subject,” said Holmes. “He
remarks that, while the individual man is an insoluble puzzle, in the aggregate
he becomes a mathematical certainty. You can, for example, never foretell what
any one man will do, but you can say with precision what an average number will
be up to. Individuals vary, but percentages remain constant. So says the
statistician. But do I see a handkerchief? Surely there is a white flutter over
“Yes, it is your boy,” I cried. “I can see him
“And there is the Aurora,” exclaimed Holmes, “and
going like the devil! Full speed ahead, engineer. Make after that launch with
the yellow light. By heaven, I shall never forgive myself if she proves to have
the heels of us!”
She had slipped unseen through the yard-entrance and passed behind two or three
small craft, so that she had fairly got her speed up before we saw her. Now she
was flying down the stream, near in to the shore, going at a tremendous rate.
Jones looked gravely at her and shook his head.
“She is very fast,” he said. “I doubt if we shall catch
“We must catch her!” cried Holmes, between his teeth.
“Heap it on, stokers! Make her do all she can! If we burn the boat we
must have them!”
We were fairly after her now. The furnaces roared, and the powerful engines
whizzed and clanked, like a great metallic heart. Her sharp, steep prow cut
through the river-water and sent two rolling waves to right and to left of us.
With every throb of the engines we sprang and quivered like a living thing. One
great yellow lantern in our bows threw a long, flickering funnel of light in
front of us. Right ahead a dark blur upon the water showed where the
Aurora lay, and the swirl of white foam behind her spoke of the pace at
which she was going. We flashed past barges, steamers, merchant-vessels, in and
out, behind this one and round the other. Voices hailed us out of the darkness,
but still the Aurora thundered on, and still we followed close upon her
“Pile it on, men, pile it on!” cried Holmes, looking down into the
engine-room, while the fierce glow from below beat upon his eager, aquiline
face. “Get every pound of steam you can.”
“I think we gain a little,” said Jones, with his eyes on the
“I am sure of it,” said I. “We shall be up with her in a very
At that moment, however, as our evil fate would have it, a tug with three
barges in tow blundered in between us. It was only by putting our helm hard
down that we avoided a collision, and before we could round them and recover
our way the Aurora had gained a good two hundred yards. She was still,
however, well in view, and the murky uncertain twilight was setting into a
clear starlit night. Our boilers were strained to their utmost, and the frail
shell vibrated and creaked with the fierce energy which was driving us along.
We had shot through the Pool, past the West India Docks, down the long Deptford
Reach, and up again after rounding the Isle of Dogs. The dull blur in front of
us resolved itself now clearly enough into the dainty Aurora. Jones
turned our search-light upon her, so that we could plainly see the figures upon
her deck. One man sat by the stern, with something black between his knees over
which he stooped. Beside him lay a dark mass which looked like a Newfoundland
dog. The boy held the tiller, while against the red glare of the furnace I
could see old Smith, stripped to the waist, and shovelling coals for dear life.
They may have had some doubt at first as to whether we were really pursuing
them, but now as we followed every winding and turning which they took there
could no longer be any question about it. At Greenwich we were about three
hundred paces behind them. At Blackwall we could not have been more than two
hundred and fifty. I have coursed many creatures in many countries during my
checkered career, but never did sport give me such a wild thrill as this mad,
flying man-hunt down the Thames. Steadily we drew in upon them, yard by yard.
In the silence of the night we could hear the panting and clanking of their
machinery. The man in the stern still crouched upon the deck, and his arms were
moving as though he were busy, while every now and then he would look up and
measure with a glance the distance which still separated us. Nearer we came and
nearer. Jones yelled to them to stop. We were not more than four boat’s
lengths behind them, both boats flying at a tremendous pace. It was a clear
reach of the river, with Barking Level upon one side and the melancholy
Plumstead Marshes upon the other. At our hail the man in the stern sprang up
from the deck and shook his two clinched fists at us, cursing the while in a
high, cracked voice. He was a good-sized, powerful man, and as he stood poising
himself with legs astride I could see that from the thigh downwards there was
but a wooden stump upon the right side. At the sound of his strident, angry
cries there was movement in the huddled bundle upon the deck. It straightened
itself into a little black man—the smallest I have ever seen—with a
great, misshapen head and a shock of tangled, dishevelled hair. Holmes had
already drawn his revolver, and I whipped out mine at the sight of this savage,
distorted creature. He was wrapped in some sort of dark ulster or blanket,
which left only his face exposed; but that face was enough to give a man a
sleepless night. Never have I seen features so deeply marked with all
bestiality and cruelty. His small eyes glowed and burned with a sombre light,
and his thick lips were writhed back from his teeth, which grinned and
chattered at us with a half animal fury.
“Fire if he raises his hand,” said Holmes, quietly. We were within
a boat’s-length by this time, and almost within touch of our quarry. I
can see the two of them now as they stood, the white man with his legs far
apart, shrieking out curses, and the unhallowed dwarf with his hideous face,
and his strong yellow teeth gnashing at us in the light of our lantern.
It was well that we had so clear a view of him. Even as we looked he plucked
out from under his covering a short, round piece of wood, like a school-ruler,
and clapped it to his lips. Our pistols rang out together. He whirled round,
threw up his arms, and with a kind of choking cough fell sideways into the
stream. I caught one glimpse of his venomous, menacing eyes amid the white
swirl of the waters. At the same moment the wooden-legged man threw himself
upon the rudder and put it hard down, so that his boat made straight in for the
southern bank, while we shot past her stern, only clearing her by a few feet.
We were round after her in an instant, but she was already nearly at the bank.
It was a wild and desolate place, where the moon glimmered upon a wide expanse
of marsh-land, with pools of stagnant water and beds of decaying vegetation.
The launch with a dull thud ran up upon the mud-bank, with her bow in the air
and her stern flush with the water. The fugitive sprang out, but his stump
instantly sank its whole length into the sodden soil. In vain he struggled and
writhed. Not one step could he possibly take either forwards or backwards. He
yelled in impotent rage, and kicked frantically into the mud with his other
foot, but his struggles only bored his wooden pin the deeper into the sticky
bank. When we brought our launch alongside he was so firmly anchored that it
was only by throwing the end of a rope over his shoulders that we were able to
haul him out, and to drag him, like some evil fish, over our side. The two
Smiths, father and son, sat sullenly in their launch, but came aboard meekly
enough when commanded. The Aurora herself we hauled off and made fast to
our stern. A solid iron chest of Indian workmanship stood upon the deck. This,
there could be no question, was the same that had contained the ill-omened
treasure of the Sholtos. There was no key, but it was of considerable weight,
so we transferred it carefully to our own little cabin. As we steamed slowly
up-stream again, we flashed our search-light in every direction, but there was
no sign of the Islander. Somewhere in the dark ooze at the bottom of the Thames
lie the bones of that strange visitor to our shores.
“See here,” said Holmes, pointing to the wooden hatchway. “We
were hardly quick enough with our pistols.” There, sure enough, just
behind where we had been standing, stuck one of those murderous darts which we
knew so well. It must have whizzed between us at the instant that we fired.
Holmes smiled at it and shrugged his shoulders in his easy fashion, but I
confess that it turned me sick to think of the horrible death which had passed
so close to us that night.
Our captive sat in the cabin opposite to the iron box which he had done so much
and waited so long to gain. He was a sunburned, reckless-eyed fellow, with a
network of lines and wrinkles all over his mahogany features, which told of a
hard, open-air life. There was a singular prominence about his bearded chin
which marked a man who was not to be easily turned from his purpose. His age
may have been fifty or thereabouts, for his black, curly hair was thickly shot
with grey. His face in repose was not an unpleasing one, though his heavy brows
and aggressive chin gave him, as I had lately seen, a terrible expression when
moved to anger. He sat now with his handcuffed hands upon his lap, and his head
sunk upon his breast, while he looked with his keen, twinkling eyes at the box
which had been the cause of his ill-doings. It seemed to me that there was more
sorrow than anger in his rigid and contained countenance. Once he looked up at
me with a gleam of something like humour in his eyes.
“Well, Jonathan Small,” said Holmes, lighting a cigar, “I am
sorry that it has come to this.”
“And so am I, sir,” he answered, frankly. “I don’t
believe that I can swing over the job. I give you my word on the book that I
never raised hand against Mr. Sholto. It was that little hell-hound Tonga who
shot one of his cursed darts into him. I had no part in it, sir. I was as
grieved as if it had been my blood-relation. I welted the little devil with the
slack end of the rope for it, but it was done, and I could not undo it
“Have a cigar,” said Holmes; “and you had best take a pull
out of my flask, for you are very wet. How could you expect so small and weak a
man as this black fellow to overpower Mr. Sholto and hold him while you were
climbing the rope?”
“You seem to know as much about it as if you were there, sir. The truth
is that I hoped to find the room clear. I knew the habits of the house pretty
well, and it was the time when Mr. Sholto usually went down to his supper. I
shall make no secret of the business. The best defence that I can make is just
the simple truth. Now, if it had been the old major I would have swung for him
with a light heart. I would have thought no more of knifing him than of smoking
this cigar. But it’s cursed hard that I should be lagged over this young
Sholto, with whom I had no quarrel whatever.”
“You are under the charge of Mr. Athelney Jones, of Scotland Yard. He is
going to bring you up to my rooms, and I shall ask you for a true account of
the matter. You must make a clean breast of it, for if you do I hope that I may
be of use to you. I think I can prove that the poison acts so quickly that the
man was dead before ever you reached the room.”
“That he was, sir. I never got such a turn in my life as when I saw him
grinning at me with his head on his shoulder as I climbed through the window.
It fairly shook me, sir. I’d have half killed Tonga for it if he had not
scrambled off. That was how he came to leave his club, and some of his darts
too, as he tells me, which I dare say helped to put you on our track; though
how you kept on it is more than I can tell. I don’t feel no malice
against you for it. But it does seem a queer thing,” he added, with a
bitter smile, “that I who have a fair claim to nigh upon half a million
of money should spend the first half of my life building a breakwater in the
Andamans, and am like to spend the other half digging drains at Dartmoor. It
was an evil day for me when first I clapped eyes upon the merchant Achmet and
had to do with the Agra treasure, which never brought anything but a curse yet
upon the man who owned it. To him it brought murder, to Major Sholto it brought
fear and guilt, to me it has meant slavery for life.”
At this moment Athelney Jones thrust his broad face and heavy shoulders into
the tiny cabin. “Quite a family party,” he remarked. “I think
I shall have a pull at that flask, Holmes. Well, I think we may all
congratulate each other. Pity we didn’t take the other alive; but there
was no choice. I say, Holmes, you must confess that you cut it rather fine. It
was all we could do to overhaul her.”
“All is well that ends well,” said Holmes. “But I certainly
did not know that the Aurora was such a clipper.”
“Smith says she is one of the fastest launches on the river, and that if
he had had another man to help him with the engines we should never have caught
her. He swears he knew nothing of this Norwood business.”
“Neither he did,” cried our prisoner,—“not a word. I
chose his launch because I heard that she was a flier. We told him nothing, but
we paid him well, and he was to get something handsome if we reached our
vessel, the Esmeralda, at Gravesend, outward bound for the
“Well, if he has done no wrong we shall see that no wrong comes to him.
If we are pretty quick in catching our men, we are not so quick in condemning
them.” It was amusing to notice how the consequential Jones was already
beginning to give himself airs on the strength of the capture. From the slight
smile which played over Sherlock Holmes’s face, I could see that the
speech had not been lost upon him.
“We will be at Vauxhall Bridge presently,” said Jones, “and
shall land you, Dr. Watson, with the treasure-box. I need hardly tell you that
I am taking a very grave responsibility upon myself in doing this. It is most
irregular; but of course an agreement is an agreement. I must, however, as a
matter of duty, send an inspector with you, since you have so valuable a
charge. You will drive, no doubt?”
“Yes, I shall drive.”
“It is a pity there is no key, that we may make an inventory first. You
will have to break it open. Where is the key, my man?”
“At the bottom of the river,” said Small, shortly.
“Hum! There was no use your giving this unnecessary trouble. We have had
work enough already through you. However, doctor, I need not warn you to be
careful. Bring the box back with you to the Baker Street rooms. You will find
us there, on our way to the station.”
They landed me at Vauxhall, with my heavy iron box, and with a bluff, genial
inspector as my companion. A quarter of an hour’s drive brought us to
Mrs. Cecil Forrester’s. The servant seemed surprised at so late a
visitor. Mrs. Cecil Forrester was out for the evening, she explained, and
likely to be very late. Miss Morstan, however, was in the drawing-room: so to
the drawing-room I went, box in hand, leaving the obliging inspector in the
She was seated by the open window, dressed in some sort of white diaphanous
material, with a little touch of scarlet at the neck and waist. The soft light
of a shaded lamp fell upon her as she leaned back in the basket chair, playing
over her sweet, grave face, and tinting with a dull, metallic sparkle the rich
coils of her luxuriant hair. One white arm and hand drooped over the side of
the chair, and her whole pose and figure spoke of an absorbing melancholy. At
the sound of my foot-fall she sprang to her feet, however, and a bright flush
of surprise and of pleasure coloured her pale cheeks.
“I heard a cab drive up,” she said. “I thought that Mrs.
Forrester had come back very early, but I never dreamed that it might be you.
What news have you brought me?”
“I have brought something better than news,” said I, putting down
the box upon the table and speaking jovially and boisterously, though my heart
was heavy within me. “I have brought you something which is worth all the
news in the world. I have brought you a fortune.”
She glanced at the iron box. “Is that the treasure, then?” she
asked, coolly enough.
“Yes, this is the great Agra treasure. Half of it is yours and half is
Thaddeus Sholto’s. You will have a couple of hundred thousand each. Think
of that! An annuity of ten thousand pounds. There will be few richer young
ladies in England. Is it not glorious?”
I think that I must have been rather overacting my delight, and that she
detected a hollow ring in my congratulations, for I saw her eyebrows rise a
little, and she glanced at me curiously.
“If I have it,” said she, “I owe it to you.”
“No, no,” I answered, “not to me, but to my friend Sherlock
Holmes. With all the will in the world, I could never have followed up a clue
which has taxed even his analytical genius. As it was, we very nearly lost it
at the last moment.”
“Pray sit down and tell me all about it, Dr. Watson,” said she.
I narrated briefly what had occurred since I had seen her
last,—Holmes’s new method of search, the discovery of the
Aurora, the appearance of Athelney Jones, our expedition in the evening,
and the wild chase down the Thames. She listened with parted lips and shining
eyes to my recital of our adventures. When I spoke of the dart which had so
narrowly missed us, she turned so white that I feared that she was about to
“It is nothing,” she said, as I hastened to pour her out some
water. “I am all right again. It was a shock to me to hear that I had
placed my friends in such horrible peril.”
“That is all over,” I answered. “It was nothing. I will tell
you no more gloomy details. Let us turn to something brighter. There is the
treasure. What could be brighter than that? I got leave to bring it with me,
thinking that it would interest you to be the first to see it.”
“It would be of the greatest interest to me,” she said. There was
no eagerness in her voice, however. It had struck her, doubtless, that it might
seem ungracious upon her part to be indifferent to a prize which had cost so
much to win.
“What a pretty box!” she said, stooping over it. “This is
Indian work, I suppose?”
“Yes; it is Benares metal-work.”
“And so heavy!” she exclaimed, trying to raise it. “The box
alone must be of some value. Where is the key?”
“Small threw it into the Thames,” I answered. “I must borrow
Mrs. Forrester’s poker.” There was in the front a thick and broad
hasp, wrought in the image of a sitting Buddha. Under this I thrust the end of
the poker and twisted it outward as a lever. The hasp sprang open with a loud
snap. With trembling fingers I flung back the lid. We both stood gazing in
astonishment. The box was empty!
No wonder that it was heavy. The iron-work was two-thirds of an inch thick all
round. It was massive, well made, and solid, like a chest constructed to carry
things of great price, but not one shred or crumb of metal or jewelry lay
within it. It was absolutely and completely empty.
“The treasure is lost,” said Miss Morstan, calmly.
As I listened to the words and realised what they meant, a great shadow seemed
to pass from my soul. I did not know how this Agra treasure had weighed me
down, until now that it was finally removed. It was selfish, no doubt,
disloyal, wrong, but I could realise nothing save that the golden barrier was
gone from between us. “Thank God!” I ejaculated from my very heart.
She looked at me with a quick, questioning smile. “Why do you say
that?” she asked.
“Because you are within my reach again,” I said, taking her hand.
She did not withdraw it. “Because I love you, Mary, as truly as ever a
man loved a woman. Because this treasure, these riches, sealed my lips. Now
that they are gone I can tell you how I love you. That is why I said,
“Then I say, ‘Thank God,’ too,” she whispered, as I
drew her to my side. Whoever had lost a treasure, I knew that night that I had
A very patient man was that inspector in the cab, for it was a weary time
before I rejoined him. His face clouded over when I showed him the empty box.
“There goes the reward!” said he, gloomily. “Where there is
no money there is no pay. This night’s work would have been worth a
tenner each to Sam Brown and me if the treasure had been there.”
“Mr. Thaddeus Sholto is a rich man,” I said. “He will see
that you are rewarded, treasure or no.”
The inspector shook his head despondently, however. “It’s a bad
job,” he repeated; “and so Mr. Athelney Jones will think.”
His forecast proved to be correct, for the detective looked blank enough when I
got to Baker Street and showed him the empty box. They had only just arrived,
Holmes, the prisoner, and he, for they had changed their plans so far as to
report themselves at a station upon the way. My companion lounged in his
arm-chair with his usual listless expression, while Small sat stolidly opposite
to him with his wooden leg cocked over his sound one. As I exhibited the empty
box he leaned back in his chair and laughed aloud.
“This is your doing, Small,” said Athelney Jones, angrily.
“Yes, I have put it away where you shall never lay hand upon it,”
he cried, exultantly. “It is my treasure; and if I can’t have the
loot I’ll take darned good care that no one else does. I tell you that no
living man has any right to it, unless it is three men who are in the Andaman
convict-barracks and myself. I know now that I cannot have the use of it, and I
know that they cannot. I have acted all through for them as much as for myself.
It’s been the sign of four with us always. Well I know that they would
have had me do just what I have done, and throw the treasure into the Thames
rather than let it go to kith or kin of Sholto or of Morstan. It was not to
make them rich that we did for Achmet. You’ll find the treasure where the
key is, and where little Tonga is. When I saw that your launch must catch us, I
put the loot away in a safe place. There are no rupees for you this
“You are deceiving us, Small,” said Athelney Jones, sternly.
“If you had wished to throw the treasure into the Thames it would have
been easier for you to have thrown box and all.”
“Easier for me to throw, and easier for you to recover,” he
answered, with a shrewd, sidelong look. “The man that was clever enough
to hunt me down is clever enough to pick an iron box from the bottom of a
river. Now that they are scattered over five miles or so, it may be a harder
job. It went to my heart to do it, though. I was half mad when you came up with
us. However, there’s no good grieving over it. I’ve had ups in my
life, and I’ve had downs, but I’ve learned not to cry over spilled
“This is a very serious matter, Small,” said the detective.
“If you had helped justice, instead of thwarting it in this way, you
would have had a better chance at your trial.”
“Justice!” snarled the ex-convict. “A pretty justice! Whose
loot is this, if it is not ours? Where is the justice that I should give it up
to those who have never earned it? Look how I have earned it! Twenty long years
in that fever-ridden swamp, all day at work under the mangrove-tree, all night
chained up in the filthy convict-huts, bitten by mosquitoes, racked with ague,
bullied by every cursed black-faced policeman who loved to take it out of a
white man. That was how I earned the Agra treasure; and you talk to me of
justice because I cannot bear to feel that I have paid this price only that
another may enjoy it! I would rather swing a score of times, or have one of
Tonga’s darts in my hide, than live in a convict’s cell and feel
that another man is at his ease in a palace with the money that should be
mine.” Small had dropped his mask of stoicism, and all this came out in a
wild whirl of words, while his eyes blazed, and the handcuffs clanked together
with the impassioned movement of his hands. I could understand, as I saw the
fury and the passion of the man, that it was no groundless or unnatural terror
which had possessed Major Sholto when he first learned that the injured convict
was upon his track.
“You forget that we know nothing of all this,” said Holmes quietly.
“We have not heard your story, and we cannot tell how far justice may
originally have been on your side.”
“Well, sir, you have been very fair-spoken to me, though I can see that I
have you to thank that I have these bracelets upon my wrists. Still, I bear no
grudge for that. It is all fair and above-board. If you want to hear my story I
have no wish to hold it back. What I say to you is God’s truth, every
word of it. Thank you; you can put the glass beside me here, and I’ll put
my lips to it if I am dry.
“I am a Worcestershire man myself,—born near Pershore. I dare say
you would find a heap of Smalls living there now if you were to look. I have
often thought of taking a look round there, but the truth is that I was never
much of a credit to the family, and I doubt if they would be so very glad to
see me. They were all steady, chapel-going folk, small farmers, well-known and
respected over the country-side, while I was always a bit of a rover. At last,
however, when I was about eighteen, I gave them no more trouble, for I got into
a mess over a girl, and could only get out of it again by taking the
Queen’s shilling and joining the 3rd Buffs, which was just starting for
“I wasn’t destined to do much soldiering, however. I had just got
past the goose-step, and learned to handle my musket, when I was fool enough to
go swimming in the Ganges. Luckily for me, my company sergeant, John Holder,
was in the water at the same time, and he was one of the finest swimmers in the
service. A crocodile took me, just as I was half-way across, and nipped off my
right leg as clean as a surgeon could have done it, just above the knee. What
with the shock and the loss of blood, I fainted, and should have drowned if
Holder had not caught hold of me and paddled for the bank. I was five months in
hospital over it, and when at last I was able to limp out of it with this
timber toe strapped to my stump I found myself invalided out of the army and
unfitted for any active occupation.
“I was, as you can imagine, pretty down on my luck at this time, for I
was a useless cripple though not yet in my twentieth year. However, my
misfortune soon proved to be a blessing in disguise. A man named Abel White,
who had come out there as an indigo-planter, wanted an overseer to look after
his coolies and keep them up to their work. He happened to be a friend of our
colonel’s, who had taken an interest in me since the accident. To make a
long story short, the colonel recommended me strongly for the post and, as the
work was mostly to be done on horseback, my leg was no great obstacle, for I
had enough knee left to keep good grip on the saddle. What I had to do was to
ride over the plantation, to keep an eye on the men as they worked, and to
report the idlers. The pay was fair, I had comfortable quarters, and altogether
I was content to spend the remainder of my life in indigo-planting. Mr.
Abel White was a kind man, and he would often drop into my little shanty and
smoke a pipe with me, for white folk out there feel their hearts warm to each
other as they never do here at home.
“Well, I was never in luck’s way long. Suddenly, without a note of
warning, the great mutiny broke upon us. One month India lay as still and
peaceful, to all appearance, as Surrey or Kent; the next there were two hundred
thousand black devils let loose, and the country was a perfect hell. Of course
you know all about it, gentlemen,—a deal more than I do, very like, since
reading is not in my line. I only know what I saw with my own eyes. Our
plantation was at a place called Muttra, near the border of the Northwest
Provinces. Night after night the whole sky was alight with the burning
bungalows, and day after day we had small companies of Europeans passing
through our estate with their wives and children, on their way to Agra, where
were the nearest troops. Mr. Abel White was an obstinate man. He had it in his
head that the affair had been exaggerated, and that it would blow over as
suddenly as it had sprung up. There he sat on his veranda, drinking
whiskey-pegs and smoking cheroots, while the country was in a blaze about him.
Of course we stuck by him, I and Dawson, who, with his wife, used to do the
book-work and the managing. Well, one fine day the crash came. I had been away
on a distant plantation, and was riding slowly home in the evening, when my eye
fell upon something all huddled together at the bottom of a steep nullah. I
rode down to see what it was, and the cold struck through my heart when I found
it was Dawson’s wife, all cut into ribbons, and half eaten by jackals and
native dogs. A little further up the road Dawson himself was lying on his face,
quite dead, with an empty revolver in his hand and four Sepoys lying across
each other in front of him. I reined up my horse, wondering which way I should
turn, but at that moment I saw thick smoke curling up from Abel White’s
bungalow and the flames beginning to burst through the roof. I knew then that I
could do my employer no good, but would only throw my own life away if I
meddled in the matter. From where I stood I could see hundreds of the black
fiends, with their red coats still on their backs, dancing and howling round
the burning house. Some of them pointed at me, and a couple of bullets sang
past my head; so I broke away across the paddy-fields, and found myself late at
night safe within the walls at Agra.
“As it proved, however, there was no great safety there, either. The
whole country was up like a swarm of bees. Wherever the English could collect
in little bands they held just the ground that their guns commanded. Everywhere
else they were helpless fugitives. It was a fight of the millions against the
hundreds; and the cruellest part of it was that these men that we fought
against, foot, horse, and gunners, were our own picked troops, whom we had
taught and trained, handling our own weapons, and blowing our own bugle-calls.
At Agra there were the 3rd Bengal Fusiliers, some Sikhs, two troops of horse,
and a battery of artillery. A volunteer corps of clerks and merchants had been
formed, and this I joined, wooden leg and all. We went out to meet the rebels
at Shahgunge early in July, and we beat them back for a time, but our powder
gave out, and we had to fall back upon the city.
“Nothing but the worst news came to us from every side,—which is
not to be wondered at, for if you look at the map you will see that we were
right in the heart of it. Lucknow is rather better than a hundred miles to the
east, and Cawnpore about as far to the south. From every point on the compass
there was nothing but torture and murder and outrage.
“The city of Agra is a great place, swarming with fanatics and fierce
devil-worshippers of all sorts. Our handful of men were lost among the narrow,
winding streets. Our leader moved across the river, therefore, and took up his
position in the old fort at Agra. I don’t know if any of you gentlemen
have ever read or heard anything of that old fort. It is a very queer
place,—the queerest that ever I was in, and I have been in some rum
corners, too. First of all, it is enormous in size. I should think that the
enclosure must be acres and acres. There is a modern part, which took all our
garrison, women, children, stores, and everything else, with plenty of room
over. But the modern part is nothing like the size of the old quarter, where
nobody goes, and which is given over to the scorpions and the centipedes. It is
all full of great deserted halls, and winding passages, and long corridors
twisting in and out, so that it is easy enough for folk to get lost in it. For
this reason it was seldom that any one went into it, though now and again a
party with torches might go exploring.
“The river washes along the front of the old fort, and so protects it,
but on the sides and behind there are many doors, and these had to be guarded,
of course, in the old quarter as well as in that which was actually held by our
troops. We were short-handed, with hardly men enough to man the angles of the
building and to serve the guns. It was impossible for us, therefore, to station
a strong guard at every one of the innumerable gates. What we did was to
organise a central guard-house in the middle of the fort, and to leave each
gate under the charge of one white man and two or three natives. I was selected
to take charge during certain hours of the night of a small isolated door upon
the southwest side of the building. Two Sikh troopers were placed under my
command, and I was instructed if anything went wrong to fire my musket, when I
might rely upon help coming at once from the central guard. As the guard was a
good two hundred paces away, however, and as the space between was cut up into
a labyrinth of passages and corridors, I had great doubts as to whether they
could arrive in time to be of any use in case of an actual attack.
“Well, I was pretty proud at having this small command given me, since I
was a raw recruit, and a game-legged one at that. For two nights I kept the
watch with my Punjaubees. They were tall, fierce-looking chaps, Mahomet Singh
and Abdullah Khan by name, both old fighting-men who had borne arms against us
at Chilian-wallah. They could talk English pretty well, but I could get little
out of them. They preferred to stand together and jabber all night in their
queer Sikh lingo. For myself, I used to stand outside the gateway, looking
down on the broad, winding river and on the twinkling lights of the great city.
The beating of drums, the rattle of tomtoms, and the yells and howls of the
rebels, drunk with opium and with bang, were enough to remind us all night of
our dangerous neighbours across the stream. Every two hours the officer of the
night used to come round to all the posts, to make sure that all was well.
“The third night of my watch was dark and dirty, with a small, driving
rain. It was dreary work standing in the gateway hour after hour in such
weather. I tried again and again to make my Sikhs talk, but without much
success. At two in the morning the rounds passed, and broke for a moment the
weariness of the night. Finding that my companions would not be led into
conversation, I took out my pipe, and laid down my musket to strike the match.
In an instant the two Sikhs were upon me. One of them snatched my firelock up
and levelled it at my head, while the other held a great knife to my throat and
swore between his teeth that he would plunge it into me if I moved a step.
“My first thought was that these fellows were in league with the rebels,
and that this was the beginning of an assault. If our door were in the hands of
the Sepoys the place must fall, and the women and children be treated as they
were in Cawnpore. Maybe you gentlemen think that I am just making out a case
for myself, but I give you my word that when I thought of that, though I felt
the point of the knife at my throat, I opened my mouth with the intention of
giving a scream, if it was my last one, which might alarm the main guard. The
man who held me seemed to know my thoughts; for, even as I braced myself to it,
he whispered, ‘Don’t make a noise. The fort is safe enough. There
are no rebel dogs on this side of the river.’ There was the ring of truth
in what he said, and I knew that if I raised my voice I was a dead man. I could
read it in the fellow’s brown eyes. I waited, therefore, in silence, to
see what it was that they wanted from me.
“‘Listen to me, Sahib,’ said the taller and fiercer of the
pair, the one whom they called Abdullah Khan. ‘You must either be with us
now or you must be silenced forever. The thing is too great a one for us to
hesitate. Either you are heart and soul with us on your oath on the cross of
the Christians, or your body this night shall be thrown into the ditch and we
shall pass over to our brothers in the rebel army. There is no middle way.
Which is it to be, death or life? We can only give you three minutes to decide,
for the time is passing, and all must be done before the rounds come
“‘How can I decide?’ said I. ‘You have not told me what
you want of me. But I tell you now that if it is anything against the safety of
the fort I will have no truck with it, so you can drive home your knife and
“‘It is nothing against the fort,’ said he. ‘We only
ask you to do that which your countrymen come to this land for. We ask you to
be rich. If you will be one of us this night, we will swear to you upon the
naked knife, and by the threefold oath which no Sikh was ever known to break,
that you shall have your fair share of the loot. A quarter of the treasure
shall be yours. We can say no fairer.’
“‘But what is the treasure, then?’ I asked. ‘I am as
ready to be rich as you can be, if you will but show me how it can be
“‘You will swear, then,’ said he, ‘by the bones of your
father, by the honour of your mother, by the cross of your faith, to raise no
hand and speak no word against us, either now or afterwards?’
“‘I will swear it,’ I answered, ‘provided that the fort
is not endangered.’
“‘Then my comrade and I will swear that you shall have a quarter of
the treasure which shall be equally divided among the four of us.’
“‘There are but three,’ said I.
“‘No; Dost Akbar must have his share. We can tell the tale to you
while we await them. Do you stand at the gate, Mahomet Singh, and give notice
of their coming. The thing stands thus, Sahib, and I tell it to you because I
know that an oath is binding upon a Feringhee, and that we may trust you. Had
you been a lying Hindoo, though you had sworn by all the gods in their false
temples, your blood would have been upon the knife, and your body in the water.
But the Sikh knows the Englishman, and the Englishman knows the Sikh. Hearken,
then, to what I have to say.
“‘There is a rajah in the northern provinces who has much wealth,
though his lands are small. Much has come to him from his father, and more
still he has set by himself, for he is of a low nature and hoards his gold
rather than spend it. When the troubles broke out he would be friends both with
the lion and the tiger,—with the Sepoy and with the Company’s Raj.
Soon, however, it seemed to him that the white men’s day was come, for
through all the land he could hear of nothing but of their death and their
overthrow. Yet, being a careful man, he made such plans that, come what might,
half at least of his treasure should be left to him. That which was in gold and
silver he kept by him in the vaults of his palace, but the most precious stones
and the choicest pearls that he had he put in an iron box, and sent it by a
trusty servant who, under the guise of a merchant, should take it to the fort
at Agra, there to lie until the land is at peace. Thus, if the rebels won he
would have his money, but if the Company conquered his jewels would be saved to
him. Having thus divided his hoard, he threw himself into the cause of the
Sepoys, since they were strong upon his borders. By doing this, mark you,
Sahib, his property becomes the due of those who have been true to their salt.
“‘This pretended merchant, who travels under the name of Achmet, is
now in the city of Agra, and desires to gain his way into the fort. He has with
him as travelling-companion my foster-brother Dost Akbar, who knows his secret.
Dost Akbar has promised this night to lead him to a side-postern of the fort,
and has chosen this one for his purpose. Here he will come presently, and here
he will find Mahomet Singh and myself awaiting him. The place is lonely, and
none shall know of his coming. The world shall know of the merchant Achmet no
more, but the great treasure of the rajah shall be divided among us. What say
you to it, Sahib?’
“In Worcestershire the life of a man seems a great and a sacred thing;
but it is very different when there is fire and blood all round you and you
have been used to meeting death at every turn. Whether Achmet the merchant
lived or died was a thing as light as air to me, but at the talk about the
treasure my heart turned to it, and I thought of what I might do in the old
country with it, and how my folk would stare when they saw their
ne’er-do-well coming back with his pockets full of gold moidores. I had,
therefore, already made up my mind. Abdullah Khan, however, thinking that I
hesitated, pressed the matter more closely.
“‘Consider, Sahib,’ said he, ‘that if this man is taken
by the commandant he will be hung or shot, and his jewels taken by the
government, so that no man will be a rupee the better for them. Now, since we
do the taking of him, why should we not do the rest as well? The jewels will be
as well with us as in the Company’s coffers. There will be enough to make
every one of us rich men and great chiefs. No one can know about the matter,
for here we are cut off from all men. What could be better for the purpose? Say
again, then, Sahib, whether you are with us, or if we must look upon you as an
“‘I am with you heart and soul,’ said I.
“‘It is well,’ he answered, handing me back my firelock.
‘You see that we trust you, for your word, like ours, is not to be
broken. We have now only to wait for my brother and the merchant.’
“‘Does your brother know, then, of what you will do?’ I
“‘The plan is his. He has devised it. We will go to the gate and
share the watch with Mahomet Singh.’
“The rain was still falling steadily, for it was just the beginning of
the wet season. Brown, heavy clouds were drifting across the sky, and it was
hard to see more than a stone-cast. A deep moat lay in front of our door, but
the water was in places nearly dried up, and it could easily be crossed. It was
strange to me to be standing there with those two wild Punjaubees waiting for
the man who was coming to his death.
“Suddenly my eye caught the glint of a shaded lantern at the other side
of the moat. It vanished among the mound-heaps, and then appeared again coming
slowly in our direction.
“‘Here they are!’ I exclaimed.
“‘You will challenge him, Sahib, as usual,’ whispered
Abdullah. ‘Give him no cause for fear. Send us in with him, and we shall
do the rest while you stay here on guard. Have the lantern ready to uncover,
that we may be sure that it is indeed the man.’
“The light had flickered onwards, now stopping and now advancing, until I
could see two dark figures upon the other side of the moat. I let them scramble
down the sloping bank, splash through the mire, and climb half-way up to the
gate, before I challenged them.
“‘Who goes there?’ said I, in a subdued voice.
“‘Friends,’ came the answer. I uncovered my lantern and threw
a flood of light upon them. The first was an enormous Sikh, with a black beard
which swept nearly down to his cummerbund. Outside of a show I have never seen
so tall a man. The other was a little, fat, round fellow, with a great yellow
turban, and a bundle in his hand, done up in a shawl. He seemed to be all in a
quiver with fear, for his hands twitched as if he had the ague, and his head
kept turning to left and right with two bright little twinkling eyes, like a
mouse when he ventures out from his hole. It gave me the chills to think of
killing him, but I thought of the treasure, and my heart set as hard as a flint
within me. When he saw my white face he gave a little chirrup of joy and came
running up towards me.
“‘Your protection, Sahib,’ he panted,—‘your
protection for the unhappy merchant Achmet. I have travelled across Rajpootana
that I might seek the shelter of the fort at Agra. I have been robbed and
beaten and abused because I have been the friend of the Company. It is a
blessed night this when I am once more in safety,—I and my poor
“‘What have you in the bundle?’ I asked.
“‘An iron box,’ he answered, ‘which contains one or two
little family matters which are of no value to others, but which I should be
sorry to lose. Yet I am not a beggar; and I shall reward you, young Sahib, and
your governor also, if he will give me the shelter I ask.’
“I could not trust myself to speak longer with the man. The more I looked
at his fat, frightened face, the harder did it seem that we should slay him in
cold blood. It was best to get it over.
“‘Take him to the main guard,’ said I. The two Sikhs closed
in upon him on each side, and the giant walked behind, while they marched in
through the dark gateway. Never was a man so compassed round with death. I
remained at the gateway with the lantern.
“I could hear the measured tramp of their footsteps sounding through the
lonely corridors. Suddenly it ceased, and I heard voices, and a scuffle, with
the sound of blows. A moment later there came, to my horror, a rush of
footsteps coming in my direction, with the loud breathing of a running man. I
turned my lantern down the long, straight passage, and there was the fat man,
running like the wind, with a smear of blood across his face, and close at his
heels, bounding like a tiger, the great black-bearded Sikh, with a knife
flashing in his hand. I have never seen a man run so fast as that little
merchant. He was gaining on the Sikh, and I could see that if he once passed me
and got to the open air he would save himself yet. My heart softened to him,
but again the thought of his treasure turned me hard and bitter. I cast my
firelock between his legs as he raced past, and he rolled twice over like a
shot rabbit. Ere he could stagger to his feet the Sikh was upon him, and buried
his knife twice in his side. The man never uttered moan nor moved muscle, but
lay were he had fallen. I think myself that he may have broken his neck with
the fall. You see, gentlemen, that I am keeping my promise. I am telling you
every work of the business just exactly as it happened, whether it is in my
favour or not.”
He stopped, and held out his manacled hands for the whiskey-and-water which
Holmes had brewed for him. For myself, I confess that I had now conceived the
utmost horror of the man, not only for this cold-blooded business in which he
had been concerned, but even more for the somewhat flippant and careless way in
which he narrated it. Whatever punishment was in store for him, I felt that he
might expect no sympathy from me. Sherlock Holmes and Jones sat with their
hands upon their knees, deeply interested in the story, but with the same
disgust written upon their faces. He may have observed it, for there was a
touch of defiance in his voice and manner as he proceeded.
“It was all very bad, no doubt,” said he. “I should like to
know how many fellows in my shoes would have refused a share of this loot when
they knew that they would have their throats cut for their pains. Besides, it
was my life or his when once he was in the fort. If he had got out, the whole
business would come to light, and I should have been court-martialled and shot
as likely as not; for people were not very lenient at a time like that.”
“Go on with your story,” said Holmes, shortly.
“Well, we carried him in, Abdullah, Akbar, and I. A fine weight he was,
too, for all that he was so short. Mahomet Singh was left to guard the door. We
took him to a place which the Sikhs had already prepared. It was some distance
off, where a winding passage leads to a great empty hall, the brick walls of
which were all crumbling to pieces. The earth floor had sunk in at one place,
making a natural grave, so we left Achmet the merchant there, having first
covered him over with loose bricks. This done, we all went back to the
“It lay where he had dropped it when he was first attacked. The box was
the same which now lies open upon your table. A key was hung by a silken cord
to that carved handle upon the top. We opened it, and the light of the lantern
gleamed upon a collection of gems such as I have read of and thought about when
I was a little lad at Pershore. It was blinding to look upon them. When we had
feasted our eyes we took them all out and made a list of them. There were one
hundred and forty-three diamonds of the first water, including one which has
been called, I believe, ‘the Great Mogul’ and is said to be the
second largest stone in existence. Then there were ninety-seven very fine
emeralds, and one hundred and seventy rubies, some of which, however, were
small. There were forty carbuncles, two hundred and ten sapphires, sixty-one
agates, and a great quantity of beryls, onyxes, cats’-eyes, turquoises,
and other stones, the very names of which I did not know at the time, though I
have become more familiar with them since. Besides this, there were nearly
three hundred very fine pearls, twelve of which were set in a gold coronet. By
the way, these last had been taken out of the chest and were not there when I
“After we had counted our treasures we put them back into the chest and
carried them to the gateway to show them to Mahomet Singh. Then we solemnly
renewed our oath to stand by each other and be true to our secret. We agreed to
conceal our loot in a safe place until the country should be at peace again,
and then to divide it equally among ourselves. There was no use dividing it at
present, for if gems of such value were found upon us it would cause suspicion,
and there was no privacy in the fort nor any place where we could keep them. We
carried the box, therefore, into the same hall where we had buried the body,
and there, under certain bricks in the best-preserved wall, we made a hollow
and put our treasure. We made careful note of the place, and next day I drew
four plans, one for each of us, and put the sign of the four of us at the
bottom, for we had sworn that we should each always act for all, so that none
might take advantage. That is an oath that I can put my hand to my heart and
swear that I have never broken.
“Well, there’s no use my telling you gentlemen what came of the
Indian mutiny. After Wilson took Delhi and Sir Colin relieved Lucknow the back
of the business was broken. Fresh troops came pouring in, and Nana Sahib made
himself scarce over the frontier. A flying column under Colonel Greathed came
round to Agra and cleared the Pandies away from it. Peace seemed to be settling
upon the country, and we four were beginning to hope that the time was at hand
when we might safely go off with our shares of the plunder. In a moment,
however, our hopes were shattered by our being arrested as the murderers of
“It came about in this way. When the rajah put his jewels into the hands
of Achmet he did it because he knew that he was a trusty man. They are
suspicious folk in the East, however: so what does this rajah do but take a
second even more trusty servant and set him to play the spy upon the first?
This second man was ordered never to let Achmet out of his sight, and he
followed him like his shadow. He went after him that night and saw him pass
through the doorway. Of course he thought he had taken refuge in the fort, and
applied for admission there himself next day, but could find no trace of
Achmet. This seemed to him so strange that he spoke about it to a sergeant of
guides, who brought it to the ears of the commandant. A thorough search was
quickly made, and the body was discovered. Thus at the very moment that we
thought that all was safe we were all four seized and brought to trial on a
charge of murder,—three of us because we had held the gate that night,
and the fourth because he was known to have been in the company of the murdered
man. Not a word about the jewels came out at the trial, for the rajah had been
deposed and driven out of India: so no one had any particular interest in them.
The murder, however, was clearly made out, and it was certain that we must all
have been concerned in it. The three Sikhs got penal servitude for life, and I
was condemned to death, though my sentence was afterwards commuted into the
same as the others.
“It was rather a queer position that we found ourselves in then. There we
were all four tied by the leg and with precious little chance of ever getting
out again, while we each held a secret which might have put each of us in a
palace if we could only have made use of it. It was enough to make a man eat
his heart out to have to stand the kick and the cuff of every petty
jack-in-office, to have rice to eat and water to drink, when that gorgeous
fortune was ready for him outside, just waiting to be picked up. It might have
driven me mad; but I was always a pretty stubborn one, so I just held on and
bided my time.
“At last it seemed to me to have come. I was changed from Agra to Madras,
and from there to Blair Island in the Andamans. There are very few white
convicts at this settlement, and, as I had behaved well from the first, I soon
found myself a sort of privileged person. I was given a hut in Hope Town, which
is a small place on the slopes of Mount Harriet, and I was left pretty much to
myself. It is a dreary, fever-stricken place, and all beyond our little
clearings was infested with wild cannibal natives, who were ready enough to
blow a poisoned dart at us if they saw a chance. There was digging, and
ditching, and yam-planting, and a dozen other things to be done, so we were
busy enough all day; though in the evening we had a little time to ourselves.
Among other things, I learned to dispense drugs for the surgeon, and picked up
a smattering of his knowledge. All the time I was on the lookout for a chance
of escape; but it is hundreds of miles from any other land, and there is little
or no wind in those seas: so it was a terribly difficult job to get away.
“The surgeon, Dr. Somerton, was a fast, sporting young chap, and the
other young officers would meet in his rooms of an evening and play cards. The
surgery, where I used to make up my drugs, was next to his sitting-room, with a
small window between us. Often, if I felt lonesome, I used to turn out the lamp
in the surgery, and then, standing there, I could hear their talk and watch
their play. I am fond of a hand at cards myself, and it was almost as good as
having one to watch the others. There was Major Sholto, Captain Morstan, and
Lieutenant Bromley Brown, who were in command of the native troops, and there
was the surgeon himself, and two or three prison-officials, crafty old hands
who played a nice sly safe game. A very snug little party they used to make.
“Well, there was one thing which very soon struck me, and that was that
the soldiers used always to lose and the civilians to win. Mind, I don’t
say that there was anything unfair, but so it was. These prison-chaps had done
little else than play cards ever since they had been at the Andamans, and they
knew each other’s game to a point, while the others just played to pass
the time and threw their cards down anyhow. Night after night the soldiers got
up poorer men, and the poorer they got the more keen they were to play. Major
Sholto was the hardest hit. He used to pay in notes and gold at first, but soon
it came to notes of hand and for big sums. He sometimes would win for a few
deals, just to give him heart, and then the luck would set in against him worse
than ever. All day he would wander about as black as thunder, and he took to
drinking a deal more than was good for him.
“One night he lost even more heavily than usual. I was sitting in my hut
when he and Captain Morstan came stumbling along on the way to their quarters.
They were bosom friends, those two, and never far apart. The major was raving
about his losses.
“‘It’s all up, Morstan,’ he was saying, as they passed
my hut. ‘I shall have to send in my papers. I am a ruined man.’
“‘Nonsense, old chap!’ said the other, slapping him upon the
shoulder. ‘I’ve had a nasty facer myself, but—’ That
was all I could hear, but it was enough to set me thinking.
“A couple of days later Major Sholto was strolling on the beach: so I
took the chance of speaking to him.
“‘I wish to have your advice, major,’ said I.
“‘Well, Small, what is it?’ he asked, taking his cheroot from
“‘I wanted to ask you, sir,’ said I, ‘who is the proper
person to whom hidden treasure should be handed over. I know where half a
million worth lies, and, as I cannot use it myself, I thought perhaps the best
thing that I could do would be to hand it over to the proper authorities, and
then perhaps they would get my sentence shortened for me.’
“‘Half a million, Small?’ he gasped, looking hard at me to
see if I was in earnest.
“‘Quite that, sir,—in jewels and pearls. It lies there ready
for any one. And the queer thing about it is that the real owner is outlawed
and cannot hold property, so that it belongs to the first comer.’
“‘To government, Small,’ he stammered,—‘to
government.’ But he said it in a halting fashion, and I knew in my heart
that I had got him.
“‘You think, then, sir, that I should give the information to the
Governor-General?’ said I, quietly.
“‘Well, well, you must not do anything rash, or that you might
repent. Let me hear all about it, Small. Give me the facts.’
“I told him the whole story, with small changes so that he could not
identify the places. When I had finished he stood stock still and full of
thought. I could see by the twitch of his lip that there was a struggle going
on within him.
“‘This is a very important matter, Small,’ he said, at last.
‘You must not say a word to any one about it, and I shall see you again
“Two nights later he and his friend Captain Morstan came to my hut in the
dead of the night with a lantern.
“‘I want you just to let Captain Morstan hear that story from your
own lips, Small,’ said he.
“I repeated it as I had told it before.
“‘It rings true, eh?’ said he. ‘It’s good enough
to act upon?’
“Captain Morstan nodded.
“‘Look here, Small,’ said the major. ‘We have been
talking it over, my friend here and I, and we have come to the conclusion that
this secret of yours is hardly a government matter, after all, but is a private
concern of your own, which of course you have the power of disposing of as you
think best. Now, the question is, what price would you ask for it? We might be
inclined to take it up, and at least look into it, if we could agree as to
terms.’ He tried to speak in a cool, careless way, but his eyes were
shining with excitement and greed.
“‘Why, as to that, gentlemen,’ I answered, trying also to be
cool, but feeling as excited as he did, ‘there is only one bargain which
a man in my position can make. I shall want you to help me to my freedom, and
to help my three companions to theirs. We shall then take you into partnership,
and give you a fifth share to divide between you.’
“‘Hum!’ said he. ‘A fifth share! That is not very
“‘It would come to fifty thousand apiece,’ said I.
“‘But how can we gain your freedom? You know very well that you ask
“‘Nothing of the sort,’ I answered. ‘I have thought it
all out to the last detail. The only bar to our escape is that we can get no
boat fit for the voyage, and no provisions to last us for so long a time. There
are plenty of little yachts and yawls at Calcutta or Madras which would serve
our turn well. Do you bring one over. We shall engage to get aboard her by
night, and if you will drop us on any part of the Indian coast you will have
done your part of the bargain.’
“‘If there were only one,’ he said.
“‘None or all,’ I answered. ‘We have sworn it. The four
of us must always act together.’
“‘You see, Morstan,’ said he, ‘Small is a man of his
word. He does not flinch from his friend. I think we may very well trust
“‘It’s a dirty business,’ the other answered.
‘Yet, as you say, the money would save our commissions handsomely.’
“‘Well, Small,’ said the major, ‘we must, I suppose,
try and meet you. We must first, of course, test the truth of your story. Tell
me where the box is hid, and I shall get leave of absence and go back to India
in the monthly relief-boat to inquire into the affair.’
“‘Not so fast,’ said I, growing colder as he got hot.
‘I must have the consent of my three comrades. I tell you that it is four
or none with us.’
“‘Nonsense!’ he broke in. ‘What have three black
fellows to do with our agreement?’
“‘Black or blue,’ said I, ‘they are in with me, and we
all go together.’
“Well, the matter ended by a second meeting, at which Mahomet Singh,
Abdullah Khan, and Dost Akbar were all present. We talked the matter over
again, and at last we came to an arrangement. We were to provide both the
officers with charts of the part of the Agra fort and mark the place in the
wall where the treasure was hid. Major Sholto was to go to India to test our
story. If he found the box he was to leave it there, to send out a small yacht
provisioned for a voyage, which was to lie off Rutland Island, and to which we
were to make our way, and finally to return to his duties. Captain Morstan was
then to apply for leave of absence, to meet us at Agra, and there we were to
have a final division of the treasure, he taking the major’s share as
well as his own. All this we sealed by the most solemn oaths that the mind
could think or the lips utter. I sat up all night with paper and ink, and by
the morning I had the two charts all ready, signed with the sign of
four,—that is, of Abdullah, Akbar, Mahomet, and myself.
“Well, gentlemen, I weary you with my long story, and I know that my
friend Mr. Jones is impatient to get me safely stowed in chokey. I’ll
make it as short as I can. The villain Sholto went off to India, but he never
came back again. Captain Morstan showed me his name among a list of passengers
in one of the mail-boats very shortly afterwards. His uncle had died, leaving
him a fortune, and he had left the army, yet he could stoop to treat five men
as he had treated us. Morstan went over to Agra shortly afterwards, and found,
as we expected, that the treasure was indeed gone. The scoundrel had stolen it
all, without carrying out one of the conditions on which we had sold him the
secret. From that day I lived only for vengeance. I thought of it by day and I
nursed it by night. It became an overpowering, absorbing passion with me. I
cared nothing for the law,—nothing for the gallows. To escape, to track
down Sholto, to have my hand upon his throat,—that was my one thought.
Even the Agra treasure had come to be a smaller thing in my mind than the
slaying of Sholto.
“Well, I have set my mind on many things in this life, and never one
which I did not carry out. But it was weary years before my time came. I have
told you that I had picked up something of medicine. One day when Dr. Somerton
was down with a fever a little Andaman Islander was picked up by a convict-gang
in the woods. He was sick to death, and had gone to a lonely place to die. I
took him in hand, though he was as venomous as a young snake, and after a
couple of months I got him all right and able to walk. He took a kind of fancy
to me then, and would hardly go back to his woods, but was always hanging about
my hut. I learned a little of his lingo from him, and this made him all the
fonder of me.
“Tonga—for that was his name—was a fine boatman, and owned a
big, roomy canoe of his own. When I found that he was devoted to me and would
do anything to serve me, I saw my chance of escape. I talked it over with him.
He was to bring his boat round on a certain night to an old wharf which was
never guarded, and there he was to pick me up. I gave him directions to have
several gourds of water and a lot of yams, cocoa-nuts, and sweet potatoes.
“He was stanch and true, was little Tonga. No man ever had a more
faithful mate. At the night named he had his boat at the wharf. As it chanced,
however, there was one of the convict-guard down there,—a vile Pathan who
had never missed a chance of insulting and injuring me. I had always vowed
vengeance, and now I had my chance. It was as if fate had placed him in my way
that I might pay my debt before I left the island. He stood on the bank with
his back to me, and his carbine on his shoulder. I looked about for a stone to
beat out his brains with, but none could I see. Then a queer thought came into
my head and showed me where I could lay my hand on a weapon. I sat down in the
darkness and unstrapped my wooden leg. With three long hops I was on him. He
put his carbine to his shoulder, but I struck him full, and knocked the whole
front of his skull in. You can see the split in the wood now where I hit him.
We both went down together, for I could not keep my balance, but when I got up
I found him still lying quiet enough. I made for the boat, and in an hour we
were well out at sea. Tonga had brought all his earthly possessions with him,
his arms and his gods. Among other things, he had a long bamboo spear, and some
Andaman cocoa-nut matting, with which I made a sort of sail. For ten days we
were beating about, trusting to luck, and on the eleventh we were picked up by
a trader which was going from Singapore to Jiddah with a cargo of Malay
pilgrims. They were a rum crowd, and Tonga and I soon managed to settle down
among them. They had one very good quality: they let you alone and asked no
“Well, if I were to tell you all the adventures that my little chum and I
went through, you would not thank me, for I would have you here until the sun
was shining. Here and there we drifted about the world, something always
turning up to keep us from London. All the time, however, I never lost sight of
my purpose. I would dream of Sholto at night. A hundred times I have killed him
in my sleep. At last, however, some three or four years ago, we found ourselves
in England. I had no great difficulty in finding where Sholto lived, and I set
to work to discover whether he had realised the treasure, or if he still had
it. I made friends with someone who could help me,—I name no names, for I
don’t want to get any one else in a hole,—and I soon found that he
still had the jewels. Then I tried to get at him in many ways; but he was
pretty sly, and had always two prize-fighters, besides his sons and his
khitmutgar, on guard over him.
“One day, however, I got word that he was dying. I hurried at once to the
garden, mad that he should slip out of my clutches like that, and, looking
through the window, I saw him lying in his bed, with his sons on each side of
him. I’d have come through and taken my chance with the three of them,
only even as I looked at him his jaw dropped, and I knew that he was gone. I
got into his room that same night, though, and I searched his papers to see if
there was any record of where he had hidden our jewels. There was not a line,
however: so I came away, bitter and savage as a man could be. Before I left I
bethought me that if I ever met my Sikh friends again it would be a
satisfaction to know that I had left some mark of our hatred; so I scrawled
down the sign of the four of us, as it had been on the chart, and I pinned it
on his bosom. It was too much that he should be taken to the grave without some
token from the men whom he had robbed and befooled.
“We earned a living at this time by my exhibiting poor Tonga at fairs and
other such places as the black cannibal. He would eat raw meat and dance his
war-dance: so we always had a hatful of pennies after a day’s work. I
still heard all the news from Pondicherry Lodge, and for some years there was
no news to hear, except that they were hunting for the treasure. At last,
however, came what we had waited for so long. The treasure had been found. It
was up at the top of the house, in Mr. Bartholomew Sholto’s chemical
laboratory. I came at once and had a look at the place, but I could not see how
with my wooden leg I was to make my way up to it. I learned, however, about a
trap-door in the roof, and also about Mr. Sholto’s supper-hour. It seemed
to me that I could manage the thing easily through Tonga. I brought him out
with me with a long rope wound round his waist. He could climb like a cat, and
he soon made his way through the roof, but, as ill luck would have it,
Bartholomew Sholto was still in the room, to his cost. Tonga thought he had
done something very clever in killing him, for when I came up by the rope I
found him strutting about as proud as a peacock. Very much surprised was he
when I made at him with the rope’s end and cursed him for a little
blood-thirsty imp. I took the treasure-box and let it down, and then slid down
myself, having first left the sign of the four upon the table, to show that the
jewels had come back at last to those who had most right to them. Tonga then
pulled up the rope, closed the window, and made off the way that he had come.
“I don’t know that I have anything else to tell you. I had heard a
waterman speak of the speed of Smith’s launch the Aurora, so I
thought she would be a handy craft for our escape. I engaged with old Smith,
and was to give him a big sum if he got us safe to our ship. He knew, no doubt,
that there was some screw loose, but he was not in our secrets. All this is the
truth, and if I tell it to you, gentlemen, it is not to amuse you,—for
you have not done me a very good turn,—but it is because I believe the
best defence I can make is just to hold back nothing, but let all the world
know how badly I have myself been served by Major Sholto, and how innocent I am
of the death of his son.”
“A very remarkable account,” said Sherlock Holmes. “A fitting
wind-up to an extremely interesting case. There is nothing at all new to me in
the latter part of your narrative, except that you brought your own rope. That
I did not know. By the way, I had hoped that Tonga had lost all his darts; yet
he managed to shoot one at us in the boat.”
“He had lost them all, sir, except the one which was in his blow-pipe at
“Ah, of course,” said Holmes. “I had not thought of
“Is there any other point which you would like to ask about?” asked
the convict, affably.
“I think not, thank you,” my companion answered.
“Well, Holmes,” said Athelney Jones, “You are a man to be
humoured, and we all know that you are a connoisseur of crime, but duty is
duty, and I have gone rather far in doing what you and your friend asked me. I
shall feel more at ease when we have our story-teller here safe under lock and
key. The cab still waits, and there are two inspectors downstairs. I am much
obliged to you both for your assistance. Of course you will be wanted at the
trial. Good-night to you.”
“Good-night, gentlemen both,” said Jonathan Small.
“You first, Small,” remarked the wary Jones as they left the room.
“I’ll take particular care that you don’t club me with your
wooden leg, whatever you may have done to the gentleman at the Andaman
“Well, and there is the end of our little drama,” I remarked, after
we had set some time smoking in silence. “I fear that it may be the last
investigation in which I shall have the chance of studying your methods. Miss
Morstan has done me the honour to accept me as a husband in prospective.”
He gave a most dismal groan. “I feared as much,” said he. “I
really cannot congratulate you.”
I was a little hurt. “Have you any reason to be dissatisfied with my
choice?” I asked.
“Not at all. I think she is one of the most charming young ladies I ever
met, and might have been most useful in such work as we have been doing. She
had a decided genius that way: witness the way in which she preserved that Agra
plan from all the other papers of her father. But love is an emotional thing,
and whatever is emotional is opposed to that true cold reason which I place
above all things. I should never marry myself, lest I bias my judgment.”
“I trust,” said I, laughing, “that my judgment may survive
the ordeal. But you look weary.”
“Yes, the reaction is already upon me. I shall be as limp as a rag for a
“Strange,” said I, “how terms of what in another man I should
call laziness alternate with your fits of splendid energy and vigour.”
“Yes,” he answered, “there are in me the makings of a very
fine loafer and also of a pretty spry sort of fellow. I often think of those
lines of old Goethe,—
Schade dass die Natur nur einen Mensch aus Dir schuf,
Denn zum würdigen Mann war und zum Schelmen der Stoff.
“By the way, à propos of this Norwood business, you see that they
had, as I surmised, a confederate in the house, who could be none other than
Lal Rao, the butler: so Jones actually has the undivided honour of having
caught one fish in his great haul.”
“The division seems rather unfair,” I remarked. “You have
done all the work in this business. I get a wife out of it, Jones gets the
credit, pray what remains for you?”
“For me,” said Sherlock Holmes, “there still remains the
cocaine-bottle.” And he stretched his long white hand up for it.