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Definition of bergamot – English explanatory dictionary

bergamot
ber´ga•mot
(ber´ga•mot), n. [F. bergamote, fr. It. bergamotta; prob. a corruption of Turk. beg armudi a lord’s pear.]
1. (Bot.) (a) A tree of the Orange family (Citrus bergamia), having a roundish or pear-shaped fruit, from the rind of which an essential oil of delicious odor is extracted, much prized as a perfume. also the fruit. (b) A variety of mint (Mentha aquatica, var. glabrata).
2. The essence or perfume made from the fruit.
3. A variety of pear. Johnson.
4. A variety of snuff perfumed with bergamot. “The better hand … gives the nose its bergamot.
Cowper.
5. A coarse tapestry, manufactured from flock of cotton or hemp, mixed with ox’s or goat’s hair; — said to have been invented at Bergamo, Italy. Encyc. Brit. Wild bergamot (Bot.), an American herb of the Mint family (Monarda fistulosa).
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